T-SQL script to purge all the tables including foreign key references

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T-SQL script to purge all the tables including foreign key references. The script has been made smart enough to use TRUNCATE wherever there is no foreign key reference and to use DELETE wherever there is foreign key reference.

/*
	Author		:	Brahmanand Shukla
	Date		:	28-Oct-2019
	Purpose		:	T-SQL script to purge all the tables including foreign key references
*/

; WITH cte_All_Tables_With_Foreign_Key
-- Get all the tables having foreign key. Ignore the self-referencing.
AS
(
	SELECT PAR_SCH.[name]			AS	[Parent_Schema_Name]
		, PAR_TAB.[name]			AS	[Parent_Table_Name]
		, REF_SCH.[name]			AS	[Referenced_Schema_Name]
		, REF_TAB.[name]			AS	[Referenced_Table_Name]
		, FK.[parent_object_id]		AS	[parent_object_id]
		, FK.[referenced_object_id]	AS	[referenced_object_id]
	FROM sys.foreign_keys FK
		INNER JOIN sys.tables PAR_TAB
			ON PAR_TAB.[object_id] = FK.[parent_object_id]
		INNER JOIN sys.schemas PAR_SCH
			ON PAR_SCH.[schema_id] = PAR_TAB.[schema_id]
		INNER JOIN sys.tables REF_TAB
			ON REF_TAB.[object_id] = FK.[referenced_object_id]
		INNER JOIN sys.schemas REF_SCH
			ON REF_SCH.[schema_id] = REF_TAB.[schema_id]
	WHERE FK.[type] = 'F'
		AND FK.[parent_object_id] <> [referenced_object_id]
		AND PAR_TAB.type = 'U'
		AND REF_TAB.type = 'U'
)
, cte_Find_All_Referenced_Tables_In_Sequence
/*
	Recursive CTE :
	 
	Find the sequence of each referenced table. 
	For e.g Table1 is referenced with Table2 and Table2 is referenced with Table3 
	then Table3 should be assigned Sequence as 1, 
	Table2 should be assigned Sequence as 2 
	and Table1 should be assigned Sequence as 3
*/
AS
(
	SELECT FK1.[Parent_Schema_Name]
		, FK1.[Parent_Table_Name]
		, FK1.[Referenced_Schema_Name]
		, FK1.[Referenced_Table_Name]
		, FK1.[parent_object_id]
		, FK1.[referenced_object_id]
		, 1 AS [Iteration_Sequence_No]
	FROM cte_All_Tables_With_Foreign_Key FK1
		LEFT JOIN cte_All_Tables_With_Foreign_Key FK2
			ON FK1.[parent_object_id] = FK2.[referenced_object_id]
	WHERE FK2.[parent_object_id] IS NULL
	UNION ALL
	SELECT FK.[Parent_Schema_Name]
		, FK.[Parent_Table_Name]
		, FK.[Referenced_Schema_Name]
		, FK.[Referenced_Table_Name]
		, FK.[parent_object_id]
		, FK.[referenced_object_id]
		, CTE.[Iteration_Sequence_No] + 1 AS [Iteration_Sequence_No]
	FROM cte_All_Tables_With_Foreign_Key FK
		INNER JOIN cte_Find_All_Referenced_Tables_In_Sequence CTE
			ON FK.[parent_object_id] = CTE.[referenced_object_id]
	WHERE FK.[referenced_object_id] <> CTE.[parent_object_id]
)
/*
	Get the distinct parent tables with their Iteration Sequence No
*/
, cte_Unique_Parent_Tables_With_References
AS
(
	SELECT DISTINCT [Parent_Schema_Name]
		, [Parent_Table_Name]
		, [parent_object_id]
		, [Iteration_Sequence_No]
	FROM cte_Find_All_Referenced_Tables_In_Sequence
)
, cte_All_Tables
/* 
	Merge all tables (such as Tables with Foreign Key and Tables without Foreign Key). 
*/
AS
(
	SELECT SCH.[name]				AS	[TABLE_SCHEMA]
		, TAB.[name]				AS	[TABLE_NAME]
		, ISNULL(STGB.[Iteration_Sequence_No], (ISNULL(MITRN.[Max_Iteration_Sequence_No], 0) + 1))	
									AS	[ITERATION_SEQUENCE_NO]
		, 
			CASE
				WHEN STGB.[parent_object_id] IS NOT NULL
					THEN 1
				ELSE 0
			END						AS	[TABLE_HAS_REFERENCE]
	FROM sys.tables TAB
		INNER JOIN sys.schemas SCH
			ON SCH.[schema_id] = TAB.[schema_id]
		LEFT JOIN cte_Unique_Parent_Tables_With_References STGB
			ON STGB.[parent_object_id] = TAB.[object_id]
		OUTER APPLY
			(
				SELECT MAX([Iteration_Sequence_No]) AS [Max_Iteration_Sequence_No]
				FROM cte_Unique_Parent_Tables_With_References
			) MITRN
	WHERE TAB.[type] = 'U'
		AND TAB.[name] NOT LIKE 'sys%'
)
/*
	Output : 
	Table Schema, Table Name and T-SQL script to purge the table data.
	TRUNCATE is being used whereever there is no foreign key reference or else DELETE is used.
*/
SELECT TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_SCHEMA]		AS	[TABLE_SCHEMA]
	, TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_NAME]			AS	[TABLE_NAME]
	, TBL_SEQ.[Iteration_Sequence_No]
	, 
		(CASE
			WHEN ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY TBL_SEQ.[Iteration_Sequence_No] ASC) = 1
				THEN 'SET NOCOUNT ON;'
			ELSE ''
		END) + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) + 
		(CASE
			WHEN TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_HAS_REFERENCE] = 0
				THEN 'TRUNCATE TABLE ' + QUOTENAME(TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_SCHEMA]) + '.' + QUOTENAME(TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_NAME]) + ';'
			ELSE 'DELETE FROM ' + QUOTENAME(TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_SCHEMA]) + '.' + QUOTENAME(TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_NAME]) + ';'
		END + CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) + 
		'GO')						AS	[TSQL_SCRIPT]
FROM cte_All_Tables TBL_SEQ
ORDER BY TBL_SEQ.[Iteration_Sequence_No] ASC, TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_SCHEMA] ASC, TBL_SEQ.[TABLE_NAME] ASC
OPTION (MAXRECURSION 0)

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