Technical Article

SQL 2008 : Uncompressed Objects Procedure

,

Introduction :

First of all, I've already evaluated and am using SQL 2008 Table & Index Compression.

This procedure is to help you to do the same. Obviously if you're reading this you're most likely a DBA and will dutifully evaluate whether compression is appropriate for your environment. Personally I'm very impressed and feel the storage savings far outweigh the additional processor overhead.

Usage :

UncompressedObjects has 2 required parameters, @database and @compressiontype.

@database is the name of the database you want to compress.
@compressiontype is either PAGE or ROW compression.

There are 2 optional parameters @emailrecipients and @emailprofile.
If these are both supplied, the output is sent to the email addresses supplied (providing you have an email profile configured).

Output :

The procedure provides >

  1. Lists of tables & indexes without compression
  2. Lists of tables & indexes not using the desired compression (e.g. ROW when you've specified a compression type of PAGE)
  3. TSQL commands to compress the database objects.

Examples :

EXEC dbo.UncompressedObjects
@database = 'MyDatabase'
, @compressiontype = 'ROW'

EXEC dbo.UncompressedObjects
@database = 'Adventureworks'
, @compressiontype = 'PAGE'
, @emailrecipients = 'emailaddress@domain.com'
, @emailprofile = 'Profile Name'

NB :

I've also supplied stored procedure 'UncompressedServerObjects' which simply executes UncompressedObjects for each user database. I schedule this via SQL Agent so I know if objects are created without compression.

 

I hope people find this script useful.

Richard Doering

http://sqlsolace.blogspot.com

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.UncompressedObjects (@database VARCHAR(50) = '' ,@emailrecipients VARCHAR(1000) = '' ,@emailprofile VARCHAR(50) = '' ,@compressiontype VARCHAR(4) = 'PAGE')
AS
BEGIN

/*
Procedure : dbo.UncompressedObjects
Version   : 1.0 (August 2009)
Author    : Richard Doering
Web       : http://sqlsolace.blogspot.com
*/
SET NOCOUNT ON

-- Check supplied parameters
IF @database = '' 
BEGIN 
PRINT 'Database not specified'
RETURN 
END
IF @database NOT IN (SELECT name FROM sys.databases) 
BEGIN 
PRINT 'Database ' + @database + ' not found on server ' + @@SERVERNAME
RETURN 
END
IF @emailrecipients = '' AND @emailprofile <> '' 
BEGIN 
PRINT 'Email profile given but recipients not specified'
RETURN 
END
IF @emailrecipients <> '' AND @emailprofile = '' 
BEGIN 
PRINT 'Email recipients given but profile not specified'
RETURN 
END
SET @compressiontype = UPPER(LTRIM(RTRIM(@compressiontype)))
IF @compressiontype NOT IN ('PAGE', 'ROW')
BEGIN 
PRINT 'CompressionType must be PAGE or ROW'
RETURN 
END

-- Declare variables
DECLARE @indexreport VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @missingindexcompressiontsql VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @missingindextablelist VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @missingindexindexlist VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @missingcompressiontablecount INT
DECLARE @missingcompressionindexcount INT
DECLARE @changeindexcompressiontsql VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @changeindextablelist VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @changeindexindexlist VARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @changecompressiontablecount INT
DECLARE @changecompressionindexcount INT
DECLARE @CurrentRow INT
DECLARE @TotalRows INT
DECLARE @Objecttype VARCHAR(10)
DECLARE @objectname VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @command VARCHAR(1000)
DECLARE @emailsubject VARCHAR(100)
DECLARE @dynamicsql VARCHAR(MAX)               

-- Create temporary tables.
-- These are used because they're scope is greater than a tablevariable i.e. we can pull results back from dynamic sql.
IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM tempdb..sysobjects WHERE name LIKE '##MissingCompression%')
   DROP TABLE ##MissingCompression
IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM tempdb..sysobjects WHERE name LIKE '##ChangeCompression%')
   DROP TABLE ##ChangeCompression      
CREATE TABLE ##MissingCompression
(uniquerowid INT IDENTITY ( 1 , 1 ) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
                   objecttype VARCHAR(10),
                   objectname VARCHAR(100),
                   command VARCHAR(500));
CREATE TABLE ##ChangeCompression
(uniquerowid INT IDENTITY ( 1 , 1 ) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
                   objecttype VARCHAR(10),
                   objectname VARCHAR(100),
                   command VARCHAR(500));
                   
-- Work out what indexes are missing compression and build the commands for them
SET @dynamicsql =
'WITH missingcompression
     AS (SELECT ''Table''  AS objecttype,
                s.name + ''.'' + o.name AS objectname,
                ''ALTER TABLE ['' + s.name + ''].['' + o.name + ''] REBUILD PARTITION = ALL WITH (DATA_COMPRESSION = ' + @compressiontype + ');'' AS command
         FROM  ' + @database + '.sys.objects o
                INNER JOIN  ' + @database + '.sys.partitions p
                  ON p.object_id = o.object_id
                INNER JOIN  ' + @database + '.sys.schemas s
                  ON s.schema_id = o.schema_id
         WHERE  TYPE = ''u''
                AND data_compression = 0
                AND Schema_name(o.schema_id) <> ''SYS''
         UNION
         SELECT ''Index'' AS objecttype,
                i.name AS objectname,
                ''ALTER INDEX ['' + i.name + ''] ON ['' + s.name + ''].['' + o.name + ''] REBUILD WITH ( DATA_COMPRESSION = ' + @compressiontype + ');'' AS command
         FROM   ' + @database + '.sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.indexes i
                  ON ps.[object_id] = i.[object_id]
                     AND ps.index_id = i.index_id
                     AND i.type_desc <> ''HEAP''
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.objects o
                  ON o.[object_id] = ps.[object_id]
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.schemas s
                  ON o.[schema_id] = s.[schema_id]
                     AND s.name <> ''SYS''
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.partitions p
                  ON p.[object_id] = o.[object_id]
                     AND data_compression = 0)
                     
-- populate temporary table ''##MissingCompression''
INSERT INTO ##MissingCompression (objecttype, objectname, command)
SELECT objecttype, objectname, command FROM missingcompression ORDER BY objectname ASC, command DESC '
exec (@dynamicsql)

SET @dynamicsql =
'WITH changecompression
     AS (SELECT ''Table''  AS objecttype,
                s.name + ''.'' + o.name AS objectname,
                ''ALTER TABLE ['' + s.name + ''].['' + o.name + ''] REBUILD PARTITION = ALL WITH (DATA_COMPRESSION = ' + @compressiontype + ');'' AS command
         FROM  ' + @database + '.sys.objects o
                INNER JOIN  ' + @database + '.sys.partitions p
                  ON p.object_id = o.object_id
                INNER JOIN  ' + @database + '.sys.schemas s
                  ON s.schema_id = o.schema_id
         WHERE  TYPE = ''u''
                AND data_compression <> 0
                AND data_compression_desc <> ''' + @compressiontype + ''' 
                AND Schema_name(o.schema_id) <> ''SYS''
         UNION
         SELECT ''Index'' AS objecttype,
                i.name AS objectname,
                ''ALTER INDEX ['' + i.name + ''] ON ['' + s.name + ''].['' + o.name + ''] REBUILD WITH ( DATA_COMPRESSION = ' + @compressiontype + ');'' AS command
         FROM   ' + @database + '.sys.dm_db_partition_stats ps
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.indexes i
                  ON ps.[object_id] = i.[object_id]
                     AND ps.index_id = i.index_id
                     AND i.type_desc <> ''HEAP''
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.objects o
                  ON o.[object_id] = ps.[object_id]
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.schemas s
                  ON o.[schema_id] = s.[schema_id]
                     AND s.name <> ''SYS''
                INNER JOIN ' + @database + '.sys.partitions p
                  ON p.[object_id] = o.[object_id]
                     AND data_compression <> 0
                     AND data_compression_desc <> ''' + @compressiontype + ''' )
                     
-- populate temporary table ''##ChangeCompression''
INSERT INTO ##ChangeCompression (objecttype, objectname, command)
SELECT objecttype, objectname, command FROM changecompression ORDER BY objectname ASC, command DESC '
exec (@dynamicsql)

-- We now have populated our temporary tables (##MissingCompression & ##ChangeCompression)

-- First, loop objects with no compression.
-- For each object >
--  1) increment the counter, 
--  2) add the object name to the list for display 
--  3) generate the tsql for compression commands

-- set initial variables
SET @missingindexcompressiontsql = ''
SET @missingindextablelist = ''
SET @missingindexindexlist = ''
SET @missingcompressiontablecount = 0
SET @missingcompressionindexcount = 0
SELECT @TotalRows = Count(* ) FROM ##MissingCompression
SELECT @CurrentRow = 1

WHILE @CurrentRow <= @TotalRows
  BEGIN
SELECT @Objecttype = objecttype,
@objectname = objectname,
@command = command
FROM   ##MissingCompression
WHERE  uniquerowid = @CurrentRow
    
SET @missingindexcompressiontsql = @missingindexcompressiontsql + @command + Char(10) + Char(10) 
   
IF @Objecttype = 'table'
  BEGIN
SET @missingindextablelist = @missingindextablelist + @objectname + Char(10)     
SET @missingcompressiontablecount = @missingcompressiontablecount + 1
  END
    
IF @Objecttype = 'index'
  BEGIN
SET @missingindexindexlist = @missingindexindexlist + @objectname + Char(10)
SET @missingcompressionindexcount = @missingcompressionindexcount + 1
  END
    
SELECT @CurrentRow = @CurrentRow + 1
  END
  
  
-- Now deal with Objects that need to change compression type
-- For each object >
--  1) increment the counter, 
--  2) add the object name to the list for display 
--  3) generate the tsql for compression commands

  -- set initial variables
SET @changeindexcompressiontsql = ''
SET @changeindextablelist = ''
SET @changeindexindexlist = ''
SET @indexreport = ''
SET @changecompressiontablecount = 0
SET @changecompressionindexcount = 0
SELECT @TotalRows = Count(* ) FROM ##ChangeCompression
SELECT @CurrentRow = 1

WHILE @CurrentRow <= @TotalRows
  BEGIN
SELECT @Objecttype = objecttype,
@objectname = objectname,
@command = command
FROM   ##ChangeCompression
WHERE  uniquerowid = @CurrentRow
    
SET @changeindexcompressiontsql = @changeindexcompressiontsql + @command + Char(10) + Char(10)
   
IF @Objecttype = 'table'
  BEGIN
SET @changeindextablelist = @changeindextablelist + @objectname + Char(10)     
SET @changecompressiontablecount = @changecompressiontablecount + 1
  END
    
IF @Objecttype = 'index'
  BEGIN
SET @changeindexindexlist = @changeindexindexlist + @objectname + Char(10)
SET @changecompressionindexcount = @changecompressionindexcount + 1
  END
    
SELECT @CurrentRow = @CurrentRow + 1
  END

 -- Build the text output for the report  >
 -- First for objects missing compression >
IF (@missingcompressionindexcount + @missingcompressiontablecount) > 0
  BEGIN
IF (@missingcompressiontablecount) > 0
  BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + 'Tables not currently utilising ' + @compressiontype + ' compression >' + Char(10) +  '--------------------------------------------' + Char(10) + @missingindextablelist + Char(13) + Char(13)
  END      
IF (@missingcompressionindexcount) > 0
  BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + 'Indexes not currently utilising ' + @compressiontype + ' compression >' + Char(10) +  '---------------------------------------------' + Char(10) + @missingindexindexlist + Char(13) + Char(13)
  END
  END

-- Now for objects using the incorrect compression type >
IF (@changecompressionindexcount + @changecompressiontablecount) > 0
  BEGIN
IF (@changecompressiontablecount) > 0
  BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + 'Tables with incorrect compression type >' + Char(10) + '--------------------------------------------' + Char(13) + Char(10) + @changeindextablelist + Char(13) + Char(10)
  END      
IF (@changecompressionindexcount) > 0
  BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + 'Indexes with incorrect compression type >' + Char(10) + '---------------------------------------------' + Char(13) + Char(10) + @changeindexindexlist + Char(13) + Char(10)
  END
  END
IF (@missingcompressionindexcount + @missingcompressiontablecount) > 0
BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + char(10) + '/* TSQL to implement ' + @compressiontype + ' compression */' + Char(10) + '-----------------------------------' + Char(10) + 'USE [' + @database + ']' + Char(10) + 'GO' + Char(10) + @missingindexcompressiontsql + Char(13) + Char(10)
END
IF (@changecompressionindexcount + @changecompressiontablecount) > 0
BEGIN
SET @indexreport = @indexreport + char(10) + '/* TSQL to change to ' + @compressiontype + ' compression type */' + Char(10)  + '-------------------------------------' + Char(10) + 'USE [' + @database + ']' + Char(10) + 'GO' + Char(10) + @changeindexcompressiontsql + Char(13) + Char(10)
END
-- Tidy up. Remove the temporary tables.
DROP TABLE ##MissingCompression
DROP TABLE ##ChangeCompression

-- Display report and email results if there are any required actions >
IF ( (@changecompressionindexcount + @changecompressiontablecount + @missingcompressionindexcount + @missingcompressiontablecount) > 0)
BEGIN
-- Compression changes recommended, display them
PRINT @indexreport
-- If email paramters supplied, email the results too.
IF @emailrecipients <> '' AND @emailprofile <> '' 
BEGIN
SET @emailsubject =  @@SERVERNAME + ' : Uncompressed object report : ' + @database + ' (' + @compressiontype + ' compression)'
-- send email
EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
@recipients = @emailrecipients,
@subject = @emailsubject,
@body = @indexreport, 
@profile_name = @emailprofile
END
END
ELSE
BEGIN
PRINT 'No database objects to compress'
END
END

GO

CREATE PROCEDURE dbo.UncompressedServerObjects AS
BEGIN
SET NOCOUNT ON

DECLARE  @CurrentRow INT
DECLARE  @TotalRows INT
DECLARE  @DatabaseName NVARCHAR(255)                   
DECLARE  @Databases  TABLE(
UNIQUEROWID  INT IDENTITY ( 1,1 ) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
DATABASENAME NVARCHAR(255)
)

SELECT @CurrentRow = 1
               
INSERT INTO @Databases (DATABASENAME)
SELECT NAME
FROM SYS.DATABASES
WHERE DATABASE_ID > 4
               
SELECT @TotalRows = COUNT(*) FROM @Databases
 
WHILE @CurrentRow <= @TotalRows  
BEGIN    
SELECT @DatabaseName = DATABASENAME      
FROM @Databases     
WHERE UNIQUEROWID = @CurrentRow         

EXEC dbo.UncompressedObjects
  @database = @DatabaseName 
, @compressiontype = 'PAGE'
, @emailrecipients = 'emailaddress@domain.com'
, @emailprofile = 'Profile Name' 

SELECT @CurrentRow = @CurrentRow + 1  
END 
END
GO

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