Delete Backups Older than N Days

,

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/* SCRIPT TO DELETE OLDER THAN N' DAYS BACKUP FROM A DEFAULT BACKUP DIRECTORY. IF DAYS = 0, PROVIDED, 
IT WILL DELETE ALL BACKUP FILES FROM THE BACKUP LOCATION. */

USE [database_name]
GO
IF OBJECT_ID('usp_DeleteBackup', 'P') IS NOT NULL
DROP PROC usp_DeleteBackup
GO

--EXEC sp_configure 'xp_cmdshell', 1
--GO
--RECONFIGURE
--GO


CREATE PROC usp_DeleteBackup 
(@days AS VARCHAR(4) -- Pass number of days
)

/*******************************************************************************************************
**	DESCRIPTION:	DELETE BACKUP FILES FROM DEFAULT BACKUP LOCATION
**	WRITEN BY:		SOURAV MUKHERJEE
**	DATE:			13/03/2015

***
1.	No more hard code of the backup location. Instead it will extract the backup location from registry.
2.  If in the registry the backupdirectory is not created, it will throw 
3.  Pass the right parameters which signifies the days before which you want to delete the backup files.
    For E.g. if @days = 3, it will delete all the backup files which are 3 days older than today's back.
	         if @days = 0, the procedure will delete all backup files from the backup location.

4. It will tell you the count of the backup files deleted from the location by running this script.
5. If you want to retain any of the backup files from being removed, please change the extension of the backup files from 
   ".BAK" to ".XXX" (XXX = Any other name)
******************************************************************************************************

** RUNNING THE PROCEDURE INSTRUCTIONS... **

--EXEC usp_DeleteBackup @DAYS = 1 -- One day old backup will be deleted
--EXEC usp_DeleteBackup @DAYS = 0 -- all backups will be deleted in the folder


*/
AS
SET NOCOUNT ON
BEGIN
--BEGIN TRY

DECLARE @backup_path nvarchar(2048);
DECLARE @backupfile nvarchar(1000);
DECLARE @BackupDirectory NVARCHAR(2048);
--DECLARE @days AS VARCHAR(2) -- days for retention
DECLARE @path AS VARCHAR(128) -- the path for deletion
DECLARE @cmd AS VARCHAR(512) -- the actually command
DECLARE @currentDateTime datetime;
DECLARE @filename nvarchar(256);
DECLARE @return_value INT;
DECLARE @return_value1 INT;
DECLARE @counter int;

--DECLARE @min INT;
--SET @currentDateTime = GetDate();

EXEC @return_value = 
						MASTER..XP_INSTANCE_REGREAD @rootkey = 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE',  
						@key = 'SOFTWARE\MICROSOFT\MSSQLSERVER\MSSQLSERVER',
						@value_name = 'BackupDirectory', @BackupDirectory = @BackupDirectory OUTPUT ;  
						SET @backup_path = (SELECT @BackupDirectory AS [SQL Server default backup Value]) 
						--select @backup_path
						--SELECT @backup_path
--SELECT @return_value;

IF @return_value  0 -- It's a failure
BEGIN
    PRINT 'Unable to retrieve a valid Backup directory from Registry'
	
    --RETURN(1) --Exits unconditionally from a query or procedure
    RETURN @@ERROR
END

-- Query to check number of backup files in the location.

IF OBJECT_ID('#DirOutput') IS NOT NULL
DROP TABLE #DirOutput;

DECLARE @cmd1 nvarchar(500),
        @count1 INT;

SET @cmd1 = 'dir ' +@backup_path+' /A:A'
--PRINT @cmd1
CREATE TABLE #DirOutput(
     files varchar(500))

INSERT INTO #DirOutput
EXEC master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd1

SELECT @count1 = COUNT(*)
FROM #DirOutput
WHERE files LIKE '[0-9][0-9]/%'

SELECT @count1 'Number of Backup Files before delete'
DROP TABLE #DirOutput

--SET @days = '3' -- change the days here, remember it is type VARCHAR
--SET @days  = @days;
SET @cmd = 'forfiles /P "' + @backup_path + '" /S /M *.bak /D -' + @days + ' /C "cmd /c del @PATH"' 

--Print @cmd
EXEC    @return_value1 = master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd
--PRINT @return_value1
 IF @return_value1=0
 BEGIN
--SELECT @@ROWCOUNT AS DELETED;   
--PRINT @backup_path
SELECT 'BACKUP FILES ARE SUCCESSFULLY DROPPED FROM SERVER: ' + @@SERVERNAME;

-- Query to check number of backup files in the location.
--PRINT @backup_path
IF OBJECT_ID('#DirOutput10') IS NOT NULL
DROP TABLE #DirOutput10
DECLARE @cmd10 nvarchar(500),
        @count10 INT,
		@files10 INT;

SET @cmd10 = 'dir ' +@backup_path+' /A:A'
--PRINT @cmd10
--PRINT @cmd1
CREATE TABLE #DirOutput10(
     files varchar(500))

INSERT INTO #DirOutput10
EXEC master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd10

SELECT @count10 = COUNT(*)
FROM #DirOutput10
WHERE files LIKE '[0-9][0-9]/%'

SET @files10= @count1 - @count10;
SELECT @files10 'Number of Backup Deleted';
DROP TABLE #DirOutput10

END

ELSE

RETURN @@ERROR

SET NOCOUNT OFF
END

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