Delete Backup Files From Default Backup Location

,

Copy the script to SSMS

Create the procedure

Run it

(Note: If required change the retention days)

RUN:

EXEC [usp_retention_backup]

USE [db_maint]
GO
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

IF EXISTS ( SELECT  *
            FROM    sys.objects
            WHERE   object_id = OBJECT_ID(N'usp_retention_backup')
                    AND type =  N'P')

DROP PROCEDURE [usp_retention_backup];
GO

--EXEC sp_configure 'xp_cmdshell', 1

--GO

--RECONFIGURE

--GO


Create PROC [dbo].[usp_retention_backup] 

(@days AS VARCHAR(4) = 3 -- Pass number of days

)



/*******************************************************************************************************

**	DESCRIPTION:	DELETE BACKUP FILES FROM DEFAULT BACKUP LOCATION

**	WRITTEN BY:		SM

**	DATE:			13/03/2015



***

1.	No more hard code of the backup location. Instead it will extract the backup location from registry.

2.  If in the registry the backupdirectory is not created, it will throw 

3.  Pass the right parameters which signifies the days before which you want to delete the backup files.

    For E.g. if @days = 3, it will delete all the backup files which are 3 days older than today's back.

	         if @days = 0, the procedure will delete all backup files from the backup location.



4. It will tell you the count of the backup files deleted from the location by running this script.

5. If you want to retain any of the backup files from being removed, please change the extension of the backup files from 

   ".BAK" to ".XXX" (XXX = Any other name)

******************************************************************************************************



** RUNNING THE PROCEDURE INSTRUCTIONS... **



*/

AS

SET NOCOUNT ON

BEGIN

--BEGIN TRY



DECLARE @backup_path nvarchar(2048);

DECLARE @backupfile nvarchar(1000);

DECLARE @BackupDirectory NVARCHAR(2048);

--DECLARE @days AS VARCHAR(2) -- days for retention

DECLARE @path AS VARCHAR(128) -- the path for deletion

DECLARE @cmd AS VARCHAR(512) -- the actually command

DECLARE @currentDateTime datetime;

DECLARE @filename nvarchar(256);

DECLARE @return_value INT;

DECLARE @return_value1 INT;

DECLARE @counter int;



--DECLARE @min INT;

--SET @currentDateTime = GetDate();



EXEC @return_value = 

						MASTER..XP_INSTANCE_REGREAD @rootkey = 'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE',  

						@key = 'SOFTWARE\MICROSOFT\MSSQLSERVER\MSSQLSERVER',

						@value_name = 'BackupDirectory', @BackupDirectory = @BackupDirectory OUTPUT ;  

						SET @backup_path = (SELECT @BackupDirectory AS [SQL Server default backup Value]) 

						select @backup_path as "Backup Path"

						--SELECT @backup_path

						-- If the backup path has a "\" at the end, then remove it, as it will not work to delete files per the syntax of forfiles.
						IF (SELECT RIGHT(@backup_path,1) ) ='\' 

						BEGIN
						SET @backup_path = LEFT(@backup_path, LEN(@backup_path) - 1)

						END
			ELSE 
			select @backup_path as "Backup Path"

IF @return_value  0 -- It's a failure

BEGIN

    PRINT 'Unable to retrieve a valid Backup directory from Registry'

	

    --RETURN(1) --Exits unconditionally from a query or procedure

    RETURN @@ERROR

END



-- Query to check number of backup files in the location.



IF OBJECT_ID('#DirOutput') IS NOT NULL

DROP TABLE #DirOutput;



DECLARE @cmd1 nvarchar(500),

        @count1 INT;



SET @cmd1 = 'dir ' +@backup_path+' /A:A'

--PRINT @cmd1

CREATE TABLE #DirOutput(

     files varchar(500))



INSERT INTO #DirOutput

EXEC master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd1



SELECT @count1 = COUNT(*)

FROM #DirOutput

WHERE files LIKE '[0-9][0-9]/%'



SELECT @count1 'Number of Backup Files before delete'

DROP TABLE #DirOutput



--SET @days = '3' -- change the days here, remember it is type VARCHAR

--SET @days  = @days;

SET @cmd = 'forfiles /P "' + @backup_path + '" /s /m *.bak /d -' + @days + ' /c "cmd /c del @path"' 


-- forfiles /P "I:\BACKUP\UAT\" /S /M *.bak /D -3 /C "cmd /c del @PATH"

--Print @cmd

EXEC    @return_value1 = master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd

--PRINT @return_value1

 IF @return_value1=0

 BEGIN

--SELECT @@ROWCOUNT AS DELETED;   

--PRINT @backup_path

SELECT 'BACKUP FILES ARE SUCCESSFULLY DROPPED FROM SERVER: ' + @@SERVERNAME;



-- Query to check number of backup files in the location.

--PRINT @backup_path

IF OBJECT_ID('#DirOutput10') IS NOT NULL

DROP TABLE #DirOutput10

DECLARE @cmd10 nvarchar(500),

        @count10 INT,

		@files10 INT;



SET @cmd10 = 'dir ' +@backup_path+' /A:A'

--PRINT @cmd10

--PRINT @cmd1

CREATE TABLE #DirOutput10(

     files varchar(500))



INSERT INTO #DirOutput10

EXEC master.dbo.xp_cmdshell @cmd10



SELECT @count10 = COUNT(*)

FROM #DirOutput10

WHERE files LIKE '[0-9][0-9]/%'



SET @files10= @count1 - @count10;

SELECT @files10 'Number of Backup Deleted';

DROP TABLE #DirOutput10



END

ELSE

RETURN @@ERROR

SET NOCOUNT OFF
END

GO
SET ANSI_NULLS OFF
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER OFF
GO

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