There's an interesting series about technology in schools in Milwaukee
2, and part
3) and it inspired me to an edditorial as well as some
thinking about the subject. Actually the <a
on Slashdot</a> probably got me more inspired.
Technology in schools is something that I've thought was a great idea
for a long time. A lot of that comes from my high school times where I
had a computer at home (Apple II knockoff) and had to share time at
school for a CS class, which was less than fun. In college I studied
computers and always wished that I could have a laptop, a dream that
came somewhat true in graduate work at ODU. I worked for the power
company and got a laptop from them to use for remote work. So I took it
to class and the Norton Editor, running in DOS was how I took notes in
quite a few classes. I've also got two kids in public school, and I've
seen a little of how computers are used there as well as at home for
And I've kind of changed my tune. I'm not sure that computers are a
great idea in school, at least for most tasks. Granted as a
technologist, computers rules lots of my life and I use them everyday.
Actually my job, as a web publisher in a virtual company, wouldn't be
possible without computers. I definitely type more than I write in many
cases. If you've ever gotten a handwritten note from me, you might
argue that this is a good thing.
A computer is a tool. That's all, like a phone, and while it does help
you complete some tasks quicker, it isn't the end all be all in terms
of moving through life and learning things. In schools I think there
are times and places where computers are handy and they help out. My
oldest was in the Cherry Creek middle school system in Colorado and
every teacher had a computer in their room. The ability for them to
take attendence, enter grades and assignments, and communicate with
parents I thought was a fantastic use of technology. I think that
students can benefit from using computers to type papers, especially as
working with manual typewriters and white out isn't a skill they should
need in the future.
But writing is a skill and I don't think my 2nd grader should be
getting out of it. I think learning to write, take notes, handle the
listening and writing at the same time is a great skill. Language is an
important part of his education and I think computers can abstract us
away from language with shorthands and the lack of the imprinting that
occurs when you write things down.
I do think my 7 year old should be exposed to computers as their use in
terms of email, writing essays, etc. is pervasive. Checking onto a
plane and applying for a job at your local retailer all seem to require
some computer skill these days and that's good. But the computer in
primary school, probably at least through 4th or 5th grade is a helping
tool, limited to perhaps some basic testing intrigued and might want to
do some programming, but they are the vast minority. For those kids
they might get a laptop or get the opportunity, but for most kids I
think the basics of education are important.
I do think somewhere about the time middle school starts, 5th grade
perhaps, kids should get some keyboarding instruction and start to
learn to write essays on the computer. However, they still should
perform library research and learn to write rough drafts. Those skills
are important. Part of them is also the mistake making process. If you
know that writing the wrong thing results in a redo or an effort to
erase and correct, you slow down a bit and think a bit more. It's only
natural and that's a skill in an of itself.
School is not the place for super efficiency and results. It's a place
to make mistakes, try things out, and teach yourself a little about
what works for you.
I do think that simulations to explain concepts, like Chemistry, math,
biology, can be done better on computers. And having a teacher show
those is a nice use of technology, but I don't think that kids should
be thinking that the Web is the answer for everything because there is
too much unvetted information. Nor should they be spending vast amounts
of time on email and IM. We have too much of that as adults, myself as
guilty as anyone, and middle school is still the time to be interacting
face to face with friends. It's also the time that learning you need to
wait until school is out or homework is done before spending time with
friends is something parents should control. Allowing someone to work
at the comptuer with IM and email available is a bad idea. Kids will
get enough of that later. A little patience won't kill them.
Technology in both middle school and high school can be a great asset.
I'm not sure if Powerpoint presenations are better than the hand
created ones I had to do, but testing could be done on the computer in
quite a few subjects. Anything with an essay could be put onto a
computer, perhaps a few computer testing labs that are shared by all
teachers and scheduled to allow every student to take an online test.
It would make things easier for teachers to grade and eliminate the
sloppiness that sometimes occurs, but you'd have the whole
I-can't-type-fast-enough problem from some people. And if the computers
were down then you'd have to have a fallback plan.
The more and more I read about this the less I'm convinced that
computers help. They can assist teachers, and I do like that kids are
sometimes shunted to a computer while the teacher works with others
because these days the teacher-kid ratios are not great. But that
requires and needs some education and research on how and when to
incorporate the comptuer into the lesson. Not as a babysitter, but as a
way to provide additional education that a teacher is too busy to