SSAS How-To: Create Dynamic Time Calculations To Reuse Over Any Measure

,

Rather than making individual time calculations for each measure in an SSAS cube (i.e. YTD, Prior YTD, YTD Variances, etc), one can use a more dynamic approach to time calcs applicable to all measures and save a great amount of dev time and overhead in the process.

1. Create Named Query in DSV:

SELECT      1 AS DateCalculationKey, ‘Selected Date’ AS DateCalculation
UNION
SELECT      2, ‘YTD’
UNION
SELECT      3, ‘PY YTD’
UNION
SELECT      4, ‘YTD Chg’
UNION
SELECT      5, ‘YTD Chg %’

2. Create the dimension and add it to the Dimension Usage tab of the cube (no relations to the fact will exist)

3. Add the MDX script calculations:

SCOPE (
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].MEMBERS);
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD] =
AGGREGATE
(
{[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[Selected Date]} *
PERIODSTODATE
(
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[Calendar Year],
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].CURRENTMEMBER
)
);
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD] =
AGGREGATE
(
{[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[Selected Date]} *
PERIODSTODATE
(
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[Calendar Year],
PARALLELPERIOD
(
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[Calendar Year],
1,
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].CURRENTMEMBER
)
)
);
END SCOPE;
SCOPE ([Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[All]);
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD] = NULL;
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD]=NULL;
END SCOPE;
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD Chg]=[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD]
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD];
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD Chg %] =
IIF
(
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD] = 0,
NULL,
([Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD] [Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD]) /
[Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[PY YTD]
);
FORMAT_STRING([Date Calculations].[Date Calculations].[YTD Chg %]) = “#,0.0%”;
//Create current year and month in scripts:
CREATESET CURRENTCUBE.[Current Year]
AS {(strtomember(“[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[Calendar Year].[“+ cstr(year(now()))+”]”))}, DISPLAY_FOLDER = ‘Named Sets’ ;
CREATESET CURRENTCUBE.[Current Month] AS
TAIL
(
NONEMPTY
(
[Date].[Calendar Hierarchy].[Month Name Year],
[Measures].[Fact Sales Count]
)
);

The result!

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