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The Joy of Numbers


The Joy of Numbers

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Mike C
Mike C
Ten Centuries
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Group: General Forum Members
Points: 1349 Visits: 1168
_ms65g_ (5/28/2010)
Remove duplicate side-by-side characters from a string
New approach using numbers table

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.fnRemoveDupesI (@String VARCHAR(8000)) 
RETURNS VARCHAR(8000) 
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @result VARCHAR(8000) = '';
   
   ;WITH DataOrder
   AS
   (
      SELECT ID, Data
             ,ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY Data ORDER BY ID) AS RowNum
        FROM (SELECT SUBSTRING(@String, nbr, 1), nbr 
                FROM Nums 
               WHERE nbr <= LEN(@String)
             ) D(data, ID)
   )
  
  SELECT @result = @result + Data
    FROM (SELECT ID, Data
                 ,DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY ID - RowNum) As [Rank]
            FROM DataOrder
         )D
   GROUP BY Data, [Rank]
   ORDER BY MIN(ID)

   RETURN @result
END;



Be careful with the multirow concatenation thing you got going on there. You might be better off using the FOR XML PATH subquery method for ordered string concatenation (but then you have to worry about XML entities).

Thanks
Mike C
_ms65g_
_ms65g_
Valued Member
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Group: General Forum Members
Points: 56 Visits: 880
Hi,
Here is a new approach for splitting a delimited string. It is set-based, without CHARINDEX, using number table…
See:

DECLARE @s VARCHAR(620)='item_01,item_02,item_03';
SET @s = ','+ @s + ',';

;WITH C AS
(SELECT n, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY n) AS rn
FROM Nums --Number Table
WHERE SUBSTRING(@s, n, 1) = ','
AND n <= LEN(@s))
SELECT SUBSTRING(@s, A.n + 1, B.n - 1 - A.n) AS item
FROM C A
INNER JOIN C B
ON A.rn + 1 = B.rn
AND B.n - A.n > 1;



Also here is the simplified version of my technique for removing duplicate side-by-side characters.

   DECLARE @result VARCHAR(8000) = '',
@string VARCHAR(8000) = 'SQQQQQQQQQQLLLLLLL Serrrrrrrrveerr';

SELECT @result = @result + Data
FROM (SELECT ID,
Data,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY Data ORDER BY ID) - ID
FROM (SELECT SUBSTRING(@String, n, 1), n
FROM Nums
WHERE n <= LEN(@String)
) D(data, ID)
) D(ID, Data, RowNum)
GROUP BY Data, RowNum
ORDER BY MIN(ID)

SELECT @result AS Result


Jeff Moden
Jeff Moden
SSC-Forever
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Group: General Forum Members
Points: 44996 Visits: 39880
_ms65g_ (8/17/2010)
Hi,
Here is a new approach for splitting a delimited string. It is set-based, without CHARINDEX, using number table…
See:

DECLARE @s VARCHAR(620)='item_01,item_02,item_03';
SET @s = ','+ @s + ',';

;WITH C AS
(SELECT n, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY n) AS rn
FROM Nums --Number Table
WHERE SUBSTRING(@s, n, 1) = ','
AND n <= LEN(@s))
SELECT SUBSTRING(@s, A.n + 1, B.n - 1 - A.n) AS item
FROM C A
INNER JOIN C B
ON A.rn + 1 = B.rn
AND B.n - A.n > 1;




That method is quite old, actually. Most people don't use it because, since it actually has to read the numbers table twice, it's usually slower than the CHARINDEX method.

If you'd like to convert the code (I don't want to be accused of writting biased code :-D) so that it can be played against a table with a CSV column in it, I'd be happy to demonstrate/backup my claim with code.

--Jeff Moden

RBAR is pronounced ree-bar and is a Modenism for Row-By-Agonizing-Row.
First step towards the paradigm shift of writing Set Based code:
Stop thinking about what you want to do to a row... think, instead, of what you want to do to a column.
Although they tell us that they want it real bad, our primary goal is to ensure that we dont actually give it to them that way.
Although change is inevitable, change for the better is not.
Just because you can do something in PowerShell, doesnt mean you should. Wink

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