John Mitchell-245523 (1/15/2015)
Is there a list of standard object nomenclature for indexes, procedures, functions, and views (etc) that most teams should follow?
Not really. It's more important to have a convention or standard than what that convention actually is. Decide on something that works for you and your colleagues, and stick to it.
I have to disagree with that a bit. There have been times where we've changed views to tables and tables to views. If the Hungarian Naming Convention (or other similar convention) is used, then in order to prevent across the board changes to code, you either need to make a synonym (ugh!) for it or change the code or you can end up with a table like vw_tablename or a view that looks like tbl_viewname.
The same goes for column names. I've seen a number of databases that use the old Hungarian Notation Style of prefixing variable names and column names with the abbreviation for the base datatype. It's a real fun trip through the code if even one well used column has its datatype changed.
Of course, the "sp_" naming convention absolutely must be avoided for user stored procedures for reasons previously stated whether someone makes it a standard or not.