2020 Advent of Code–Day 1

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This series looks at the Advent of Code challenges.

I started the Advent of Code at the beginning of December 2020, but life quickly got in the way. Weekends especially, where I try to get away from the computer, so I fell behind. However, I did work through a few, and one of my goals in 2021 is to get through all of them.

I’m going to document my solutions on my blog.

Day 1

The first thing I did was set up a template for the solutions. This is clearly important, and I used some basic ASCII art.

2021-01-22 12_23_37-Day1.sql - ARISTOTLE.sandbox (ARISTOTLE_Steve (53)) - Microsoft SQL Server Manag

From here, I tackled the challenge. This is one suited for databases, as there is the need to take a list of numbers and find two that add up to 2020. I created a simple table that contained a single column to store numbers.

CREATE TABLE Day1
(  datavalue INT)
GO

In here I inserted the test data from the challenge.

The easy way for me to tackle this quickly was cross join the numbers with a sum. I put this in a CTE, which gives me the sum of all individual numbers.

WITH cteCalc (a, b, sumab)
AS (   SELECT
                       a.datavalue, b.datavalue, a.datavalue + b.datavalue AS sumoftwo
        FROM
                       Day1 a
            CROSS JOIN day1 b)

Once I had this, in the outer query I added a WHERE that limited the results to the sum being equal to 2020, and for the column list, I produced the product.

WITH cteCalc (a, b, sumab)
AS (   SELECT
                       a.datavalue, b.datavalue, a.datavalue + b.datavalue AS sumoftwo
        FROM
                       Day1 a
            CROSS JOIN day1 b)
SELECT a, b, a * b AS solution
FROM cteCalc WHERE sumab = 2020;
go

This gave me the result.

As a hint, I used BULK INSERT to load the complete data from the test file into my table.

Part 2

Each challenge has two parts, with the same data. In this one, I had to find 3 entries that summed to 2020. I just added another cross join and this was solved.

WITH cteCalc (a, b, c, sumabc)
AS (   SELECT
                       a.datavalue, b.datavalue, c.datavalue,
                       a.datavalue + b.datavalue + c.datavalue AS sumoftthree
        FROM
                       Day1 a
            CROSS JOIN day1 b
            CROSS JOIN day1 c
    )
SELECT a, b, c, a * b * c AS solution
FROM cteCalc WHERE sumabc = 2020;
GO

All in all, an easy day. Now I need to solve this in Python.

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