Return Query Text Along With sp_who2 Using Dynamic Management Views

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Introduction

A lot of times I find myself running sp_who2, looking at a SPID and then immediately running DBCC Inputbuffer(spid) to get the query text. With all the dynamic management views in 2005, this can be accomplished in a single query.

Examining the query

The sys.dm_exec_sessions view contains one row per authenticated session and will be the driving table for the query. Because not all sessions have an active request, I need to left join the sys.dm_exec_requests view. The sys.dm_exec_requests view contains one row per current request.

Now to get the blocking information, I need to join the sys.dm_tran_locks and sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks views. The sys.dm_tran_locks view holds information about lock requests and the sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks view holds information about tasks that are waiting on a resource. Because the sys.dm_tran_locks spid owns the resource address the sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks spid waiting for, I now know what spid if any is blocking a request.

Finally, I pass the sql_handle of the request to the sys.dm_exec_sql_text function to return the query text. In order to use the function in the join, I have to use the OUTER APPLY operator that allows you to use a table valued function as if it were a table.

SELECT 
D.text SQLStatement,
A.Session_ID SPID,
ISNULL(B.status,A.status) Status,
A.login_name Login,
A.host_name HostName,
C.BlkBy,
DB_NAME(B.Database_ID) DBName,
B.command,
ISNULL(B.cpu_time, A.cpu_time) CPUTime,
ISNULL((B.reads + B.writes),(A.reads + A.writes)) DiskIO,
A.last_request_start_time LastBatch,
A.program_name
FROM
sys.dm_exec_sessions A
LEFT JOIN
sys.dm_exec_requests B
ON A.session_id = B.session_id
LEFT JOIN
(
SELECT
A.request_session_id SPID,
B.blocking_session_id BlkBy
FROM sys.dm_tran_locks as A
INNER JOIN sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks as B
ON A.lock_owner_address = B.resource_address
) C
ON A.Session_ID = C.SPID
OUTER APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle) D

Conclusion

If you like the results "as is", just create a stored procedure so you can always execute it when needed. There is a lot of extra information in the views, so explore the columns and customize it to meet your needs.

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