I was disappointed by this article. I felt cheated of an opportunity to gain insight. Clearly you are well qualified & possibly able to provide new input on a complex topic of "Compare & contrast Women & Men".
Instead you avoided the question & substituted a no-brainer question of Equality. Jumped on the popular answer of yes. Then took a quick stab as Pay Consistency & glanced off a heavily discussed but rarely concluded Nature vs Nurture debate. In short, Nothing new.
I put it to you that No - People do not like to be treated equally. They like, & deserve, to be treated FAIRLY. We are all unique, we all have different priorities & biases. eg: Giving all your employees the same computer is annoying. Some would prefer a huge screen while others desire portability & battery life. Some desire a social work environment away from home, others detest peak-hour would love to telecommute from home. That is why the world is full of different product offerings.
On pay equality. Few people would ask their manager for equal pay with their peers if they knew they were currently paid more than their peers. So not all women want equal pay, only those who think they are paid less than their peers do. As an aside I've never heard of "women" pushing for wage equality argue that that their male & female peers based in India should also be paid as much as the male equivalents in USA.
I'm not disagreeing with your request of equal pay for equal work, statistics show you have a case.
My point is "the most obvious answer is rarely the best".
On avg gender & social variations. Most of the best managers I've had were female. Yet it is also common for 2 female employees to create a morale "black hole" as they attempt to bitch & enlist the rest of the office to "take their side" in some personal vendeta/dispute. Understanding these types of gender related differences might permit one to customise their approach to others, thus improving their happiness. I thought you might have touched on something like that in your article.
"Treat everyone as they would like to be treated” ... that is not always the same as treating everyone equally.