SQL Server Auditing - Part 1

  • K. Brian Kelley

    SSC Guru

    Points: 114465

    Comments posted to this topic are about the content posted at http://www.sqlservercentral.com/columnists/bkelley/sqlserverauditingpart1.asp

    K. Brian Kelley
    @kbriankelley

  • cppwiz

    Hall of Fame

    Points: 3976

    Excellent article - well done. I especially liked the screen prints with the red outline showing the important part of the display. I'm looking forward to Part Two...

  • hoo-t

    SSChampion

    Points: 12713

    Not an hour before I read this article, I was staring at a script in query analyzer, trying to figure out how I was going to import the current SQL error log into my table.  The script has been staring back at me for a couple of days.   After reading this article, I'm back on track!  Thanks for a great article!

    Steve

  • K. Brian Kelley

    SSC Guru

    Points: 114465

    Glad that snippet of code was helpful.

    K. Brian Kelley
    @kbriankelley

  • Mike Schmidt

    Valued Member

    Points: 71

    Thank you -- well written.


    Regards,

    Mike

  • Emelie Clarin

    SSC Enthusiast

    Points: 109

    Thank you for this article.  Very timely since I am right now creating a document that includes sql server auditing.

  • jacob sebastian

    SSChampion

    Points: 11812

    Very helpful information!

    .

  • scout

    Old Hand

    Points: 392

    Hi.

    Only a little humble suggestion: to read/write configuration settings into the Windows Registry, Enterprise Manager uses xp_instance_regread and xp_instance_regwrite, that are the same as xp_regread and xp_regwrite, except already focused on the actual instance...

    For those who want to SQL for the current instance, they are easier to use.

    Note: You can profile (SQL Profiler) the activity of E.M.

    Bye,

    Daniele.

  • Hans Birndaila

    Valued Member

    Points: 52

    Hi.

    This is my first post to this forum, so please excuse me if I'm doing wrong.

    And excuse my poor english, I am german.

    First of all great thanks for your article. Been great help...

    and sounding a good idea, so I added some more code and I'd ike to share the results with you.

    1st: I used exactly the code provided in the article for creating the base table, only renaming the table from #errorlog to sk_errorlog according to our programming rules.

    2nd: I built a second table as follows:

    ------------tbl-----------------

    CREATE TABLE [sk_errorlog2] (

    [rowID] [int] IDENTITY (1, 1) NOT NULL ,

    [datum] [varchar] (10) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS NULL , -- datum is german for date

    [textRow] [varchar] (4000) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS NULL ,

    [uhrzeit] [varchar] (10) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS NULL , -- uhrzeit is german for time

    [kategorie] [varchar] (100) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS NULL -- same for category

    ) ON [PRIMARY]

    GO

    --------------------------------

    I will add colums like "servername" or similar later on when using it for multiple servers.

    This table is meant to be a permanent depository for all sql-logs in my environment (only 5 sql-servers here)

    3rd: I created some sp's for updating the second table

    here is the first for inserting new rows:

    ----------------------SP1-----------------------

    CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[sp_sk_errorlog]

    AS

    insert into sk_errorlog2 (textrow)

    (

    select

    RTRIM(a.textrow) + COALESCE (b.textrow,'') as textrow

    FROM

    (

    SELECT

    *

    FROM

    sk_errorlog

    WHERE

    continuationrow=0

    ) as A

    LEFT OUTER JOIN

    (

    SELECT

    *

    FROM

    sk_errorlog

    WHERE

    continuationrow=1

    ) as B

    ON

    A.rowID = B.rowID - 1

    where ( RTRIM(a.textrow) + COALESCE (b.textrow,'')

    not in (select textrow from sk_errorlog2)

    and a.continuationrow=0

    )

    )

    GO

    -------------------------------------------------------

    the second sp will separate some values from the textrow:

    -----------------sp2-------------------------

    CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[sp_sk_errorlog_update]

    AS

    -----Check your collation/datetime settings here!-----

    update sk_errorlog2 set datum =

    (

    select (case when (left (textrow,2) = '20') then left (textrow,10)

    else null end)

    )

    ,

    uhrzeit =(

    case ( right (left (textrow,12),1) )

    when '0' then right ((left (textrow,19)),8)

    when '1' then right ((left (textrow,19)),8)

    when '2' then right ((left (textrow,19)),8)

    else null

    end

    )

    ,

    kategorie =(

    case

    ----check for language settings here, e.g.: fehler is german for error!

    ----Here you can put the messages into categories, I started with the following

    when textrow like '%[F,f]ehler%' or textrow like '[F,f]ehler%' then 'error'

    when textrow like '%backup%' and textrow like '%datenbankprotokoll%' then 'protokoll'

    when textrow like '%backup%' then 'backup'

    when textrow like '%server%' then 'server'

    when textrow like '%logon%' then 'logon'

    else 'sonstiges'

    end

    )

    where datum is null

    ----------------------------------------

    /*

    NOTE: the following 3 MS standard entries are the only ones without datetime information ( at least here 🙂

    May 3 2005 23:18:38

    Copyright (c) 1988-2003 Microsoft Corporation

    Standard Edition on Windows NT 5.2 (Build 3790: Service Pack 2)

    */

    So now you should have some information in a better queryable form than directly from xp_readerrorlog.

    Now use the gui you like best for creating some "management dashboard" where you can list the events separated by time and category.

    Looking foward to part 2 and

    Keep on coding!

    SK

  • Wayne West

    SSC-Insane

    Points: 22586

    Very cool, I definitely need to implement this. I have two servers that go through a ridiculous amount of logins every day, so this will be good to help monitor them more effectively.

    I've also taken to forcing the error log to cycle every two weeks, syncing with our pay period. At 11:59pm Sunday night, I have a scheduled job that runs a sp_cycle_errorlog to keep the logs a bit more tidy.

    Thanks!

    -----
    [font="Arial"]Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves or we know where we can find information upon it. --Samuel Johnson[/font]

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