You would need to monitor all that, you can track the table spaces quite easily, there is s built in report to do it. However the query which caused the growth no. It could easily be a simple 1 line insert, but your growth settings say to grow 10% of a 1TB file, so your adding 100GB just to insert 1 row, it could be index maintenance.
Growth is perfectly normal, you need to control growth yourselves by ensuring you have ample space in the DB, growth settings etc. Capacity management is a key skill to be looking at and only relying on auto growth as an emergency catch all.
I would strongly suggest you go and get yourself a proper monitoring solution, Red-Gate SQL Monitor, Quest Spotlight or FogLight, Idera SQL DM, SQLWatch, DBADash.
A lot of what your asking here (and in your other posts) in terms of monitoring is covered by these tools.