On Linux, no. Unfortunately Microsoft are quite far behind for tools on the Linux Side. You do have SQL Operations Studio, which is currently in preview, but it's a long way from SSMS, and it's intent isn't for the same user set (seems more aimed at Devs that DBAs in my view).
At the moment, to administer agent on Linux you either need to use SSMS from a Windows Machine (connecting remotely) or use T-SQL.
Excuse my typos and sometimes awful grammar. My fingers work faster than my brain does.