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table variable in a table-valued function Expand / Collapse
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Posted Thursday, September 11, 2008 1:47 PM
Grasshopper

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The code that is building the table variable works great outside of the code creating the function. Once I add it the the function, it would not parse.

Am I dealing with a syntax issue here? I know that I can not use a temp table in this function, which is the reason why I am going with a table variable (@T_stage).

Thanks a lot.


CREATE function new_function
(
@some_param nvarchar(20)='MISSED')

RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN

(BEGIN


declare @T_stage TABLE (field1 VARCHAR(40) NOT NULL,
field2 NVARCHAR (10) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
field3 DATETIME NULL)



INSERT @T_COMPANY_PAYROLL_LAST


select MAX (LEGAL_NM) AS LEGAL_NAME,
MAX (TCPRL.VEND_CO_ID) AS VEND_CO_ID,
MAX(tcx.max_process_date) as LTST_PROCESSED_CHK_DATE


--INTO #T_COMPANY_PAYROLL_LAST

FROM t_bps_company_extract TCX
INNER JOIN
T_COMPANY_PAYROLL TCPRL

ON TCPRL.Vend_CO_ID=TCX.VEND_CO_ID_TEXT
WHERE TCX.Company_status = 'Active'

group by TCPRL.vend_co_id, TCX.LEGAL_NM



END

)
Post #568094
Posted Thursday, September 11, 2008 1:52 PM
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You don't need the table declaration section. The function itself is a table variable. Your function needs only to have the SELECT statement in it.

CREATE function new_function (@some_param nvarchar(20)='MISSED')                                        
RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN(
select MAX (LEGAL_NM) AS LEGAL_NAME,
MAX (TCPRL.VEND_CO_ID) AS VEND_CO_ID,
MAX(tcx.max_process_date) as LTST_PROCESSED_CHK_DATE
FROM t_bps_company_extract TCX
INNER JOIN T_COMPANY_PAYROLL TCPRL
ON TCPRL.Vend_CO_ID=TCX.VEND_CO_ID_TEXT
WHERE TCX.Company_status = 'Active'
group by TCPRL.vend_co_id, TCX.LEGAL_NM
)
GO





John Rowan

======================================================
======================================================
Forum Etiquette: How to post data/code on a forum to get the best help - by Jeff Moden
Post #568098
Posted Thursday, September 11, 2008 2:52 PM
Grasshopper

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John,

I appreciate your prompt reply. The reason why I am using the table declaration is that I have more code that follows the first part. I intend to join to the records in the table variable for speed reasons. Think of it almost like joining to a view in a table-valued function. If I did not have any more codes after the first set of codes, then your suggestion would be the way to go.

Thanks again.

Messan
Post #568134
Posted Thursday, September 11, 2008 3:04 PM
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In that case, you'll want to go with a multi-statement table valued function. Check in BOL for details, but here's a quick example.

CREATE FUNCTION dbo.udf_functest(@ID int)
RETURNS @ReturnTable TABLE (TranID int, Amount money)
AS
BEGIN
DECLARE @tempTable TABLE (ID int, TranID int, Amount money)
INSERT INTO @tempTable
SELECT ID,
TransactionID,
Amount
FROM dbo.Table1
WHERE ID = @ID

INSERT INTO @ReturnTable
SELECT TranID,
Amount
FROM dbo.Table2 t1
INNER JOIN @tempTable t2 ON t1.ID = t2.ID
RETURN
END
GO





John Rowan

======================================================
======================================================
Forum Etiquette: How to post data/code on a forum to get the best help - by Jeff Moden
Post #568146
Posted Thursday, September 11, 2008 3:10 PM
Grasshopper

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Thank you for pointing me in the right direction.

Messan
Post #568154
Posted Friday, September 12, 2008 2:00 AM


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Just be aware that multi-statement table valued functions tend to perform less then admirably, especially if they'll be returning lots of rows.


Gail Shaw
Microsoft Certified Master: SQL Server 2008, MVP
SQL In The Wild: Discussions on DB performance with occasional diversions into recoverability

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Post #568324
Posted Wednesday, November 12, 2014 10:37 PM
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In this case,
when i call new_function(), i should get value for @some_param to "missed" which you have initialized.
But i am getting "An insufficient number of arguments were supplied for the procedure or function" error.
how should i do?
Post #1634030
Posted Tuesday, December 30, 2014 12:53 PM
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calling object if it has a temp table or another table variable must have the same exact structure to your table valued function that you are calling. also make sure the ordinal position and datatype , size all matches.
Post #1647437
Posted Tuesday, December 30, 2014 1:28 PM


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function parameters are not optional the way stored procedures are. All values must be passed, or the default placehodler must be used in it's place
you have to use the default keyword if you wnat to skip the value:

not allowed:
SELECT * FROM new_function () 

the way the default value must be called instead:
SELECT * FROM new_function (default) 
SELECT * FROM new_function ('MISSED')



Lowell

--There is no spoon, and there's no default ORDER BY in sql server either.
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Post #1647447
Posted Wednesday, December 31, 2014 1:35 AM


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Please note: 6 year old thread.


Gail Shaw
Microsoft Certified Master: SQL Server 2008, MVP
SQL In The Wild: Discussions on DB performance with occasional diversions into recoverability

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We stand on the bridge and no one may pass

Post #1647521
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