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Group and Count from a table


Group and Count from a table

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Jeff Moden
Jeff Moden
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romah (3/14/2013)
I found in other forums that "cross apply" only works if the compatibility_level is greater than 80.

When I checked the compatibility_level of our database, it's 80.


SELECT compatibility_level
FROM sys.databases WHERE name = 'database_name'



I think Eugene's solution works in greater compatibility-level but I don't have permission to change it.

Thanks once again Eugene !:-)



NP. I am, however, concerned that Eugene is correct about the future. Please post your fnSplit function (ironically named) and lets see if we can make this code a bit more bullte proof for the future scalability..

--Jeff Moden

RBAR is pronounced ree-bar and is a Modenism for Row-By-Agonizing-Row.
First step towards the paradigm shift of writing Set Based code:
Stop thinking about what you want to do to a row... think, instead, of what you want to do to a column.
If you think its expensive to hire a professional to do the job, wait until you hire an amateur. -- Red Adair

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romah
romah
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Yes, Eugene's solution worked with compatibility_level=100 when I tested in my local machine.


select D.Item as [Category], COUNT(*) AS Count
from dbo.TestCategory as T
cross apply
(
select * from dbo.fnSplit(T.[Category],'/')
) as D
group by D.Item




As Eugene's earlier reply, I copied the DelimitedSplit8K() function from Jeff Moden's (your) article http://www.sqlservercentral.com/articles/Tally+Table/72993/ and renamed as fnSplit() in my database. :-)


ALTER FUNCTION dbo.fnSplit
--===== Define I/O parameters
(@pString VARCHAR(8000), @pDelimiter CHAR(1))
--WARNING!!! DO NOT USE MAX DATA-TYPES HERE! IT WILL KILL PERFORMANCE!
RETURNS TABLE WITH SCHEMABINDING AS
RETURN
--===== "Inline" CTE Driven "Tally Table" produces values from 1 up to 10,000...
-- enough to cover VARCHAR(8000)
WITH E1(N) AS (
SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL
SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL
SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 1
), --10E+1 or 10 rows
E2(N) AS (SELECT 1 FROM E1 a, E1 b), --10E+2 or 100 rows
E4(N) AS (SELECT 1 FROM E2 a, E2 b), --10E+4 or 10,000 rows max
cteTally(N) AS (--==== This provides the "base" CTE and limits the number of rows right up front
-- for both a performance gain and prevention of accidental "overruns"
SELECT TOP (ISNULL(DATALENGTH(@pString),0)) ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) FROM E4
),
cteStart(N1) AS (--==== This returns N+1 (starting position of each "element" just once for each delimiter)
SELECT 1 UNION ALL
SELECT t.N+1 FROM cteTally t WHERE SUBSTRING(@pString,t.N,1) = @pDelimiter
),
cteLen(N1,L1) AS(--==== Return start and length (for use in substring)
SELECT s.N1,
ISNULL(NULLIF(CHARINDEX(@pDelimiter,@pString,s.N1),0)-s.N1,8000)
FROM cteStart s
)
--===== Do the actual split. The ISNULL/NULLIF combo handles the length for the final element when no delimiter is found.
SELECT ItemNumber = ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY l.N1),
Item = SUBSTRING(@pString, l.N1, l.L1)
FROM cteLen l
;



Once again Thank you all for helping me :-)
Go


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