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T-sql Datatypes


T-sql Datatypes

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dastagirid
dastagirid
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hello,

what is the difference between the
NCHAR() AND NVARCHAR()


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Dastagiri.D

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Dastagiri.D
Chandra Sekhara Vyas Dhara
Chandra Sekhara Vyas Dhara
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nchar

Fixed-length Unicode character data of n characters. n must be a value from 1 through 4,000. The storage size is two times n bytes. The ISO synonyms for nchar are national char and national character.

nvarchar

Variable-length Unicode character data. n can be a value from 1 through 4,000. max indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes. The storage size, in bytes, is two times the number of characters entered + 2 bytes. The data entered can be 0 characters in length. The ISO synonyms for nvarchar are national char varying and national character varying



AnzioBake
AnzioBake
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nChar() is Fixed length
and nVarChar is variable length.

In practice, the disk space used is
nChar(5) => will always use 12 Bytes ( 2 *n ) +2
nVarChar(5) = > uses 3 ( ( 1*2)+2 Bytes ) up to 12 Bytes depending on number of characters entered and ansi-Padding settings.

Check BOL nChar and nVarchar for more details



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