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CASTing


CASTing

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Carlo Romagnano
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Comments posted to this topic are about the item CASTing
Ramkumar.K
Ramkumar.K
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Hi All..


declare @c varchar(8000)
set @c = N'hello'



In the above statement there is the "N" mentioned in the beginning of the string.. what does it mean exactly???

Is it indirectly enforcing the casting of varchar into Nvarchar????

Can any one explain??

Thanks in advance..

Ramkumar . K
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HanShi
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Hi,

You can find this information about the N-prefix in the BOL:
Unicode string constants that appear in code executed on the server, such as in stored procedures and triggers, must be preceded by the capital letter N. This is true even if the column being referenced is already defined as Unicode. Without the N prefix, the string is converted to the default code page of the database. This may not recognize certain characters.

Hans

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Stef315
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Where does it say anything about 4000?
Stupeo
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The answer says it's cast as nvarchar(4000) initially, but i too dont see how?

Am i missing something, or is there a typo?

Matt
HanShi
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Because of the N-prefix the value is cast to NVarChar. The NVarChar(MAX) can contain a maximum of 4000.
BOL:
nvarchar [ ( n | max ) ]
Variable-length Unicode character data. n can be a value from 1 through 4,000. max indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes. The storage size, in bytes, is two times the number of characters entered + 2 bytes. The data entered can be 0 characters in length. The SQL-2003 synonyms for nvarchar are national char varying and national character varying.


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Stupeo
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Thankyou Hanshi.

Ive always wondered what the N was for. Thanks.

Matt.
Craig@Work
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Very good question Smile

Tests number of areas of knowledge .. what something logically represents vs. what is physically represents

Cool
Simon Facer
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Just to clarify HanShi's posting - NVARCHAR(MAX) is not limited to 4000 characters. The maximum length of VARCHAR(MAX) is 2^31 -1 (2,147,483,647) characters.



Michael.Beeby
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Uses per character 16 bits rather than 8.
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