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Check constraint on multiple columns


Check constraint on multiple columns

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sqlpadawan_1
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I have a case where if the Id field is a specific value, I don't want to allow null in another field, but if the Id value <> a specific value, null is ok.

In the example below, inserting the first record should succeed, the second should succeed, and the 3rd should fail. Right now the 2nd two fail. I gotta be missing something easy, but I can't figure it out.

Any ideas?


USE tempdb
GO

IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.CheckConstraintTest') IS NOT NULL
DROP TABLE tempdb.dbo.CheckConstraintTest;
CREATE TABLE CheckConstraintTest
(
CTId INT NOT NULL ,
Goal INT NULL ,
CONSTRAINT CK_CheckConstraintTest_Goal CHECK ( CTId = 1
AND Goal IS NOT NULL )
);

INSERT INTO CheckConstraintTest
( CTId, Goal )
VALUES ( 1, 0 );

INSERT INTO CheckConstraintTest
( CTId, Goal )
VALUES ( 2, NULL );

INSERT INTO CheckConstraintTest
( CTId, Goal )
VALUES ( 1, NULL );



gmrose
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The first INSERT succeeds because both "CTId = 1" is TRUE and "Goal IS NOT NULL" is TRUE.
The second INSERT fails because "CTId = 1" is not TRUE.
The third INSERT fails because "Goal IS NOT NULL" is not TRUE.

Since you have "AND" in the test, both conditions must be TRUE for success.
Jason Selburg
Jason Selburg
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Wrap your conditions in parenthesis and add an OR


CREATE TABLE CheckConstraintTest
(
CTId INT NOT NULL ,
Goal INT NULL ,
CONSTRAINT CK_CheckConstraintTest_Goal CHECK (
(CTId = 1 AND Goal IS NOT NULL )
OR
(CTId <> 1)
)
);



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Jason L. Selburg
sqlpadawan_1
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Argh, I should have been able to figure that out.

Thanks!
Tom Thomson
Tom Thomson
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Jason Selburg (7/25/2014)
Wrap your conditions in parenthesis and add an OR


CREATE TABLE CheckConstraintTest
(
CTId INT NOT NULL ,
Goal INT NULL ,
CONSTRAINT CK_CheckConstraintTest_Goal CHECK (
(CTId = 1 AND Goal IS NOT NULL )
OR
(CTId <> 1)
)
);


That's logicall correct but a bit redundant, you could just use

CREATE TABLE CheckConstraintTest
(
CTId INT NOT NULL ,
Goal INT NULL ,
CONSTRAINT CK_CheckConstraintTest_Goal CHECK (
(Goal IS NOT NULL)
OR
(CTId <> 1)
)
);



Tom

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