Not sure if there was a misconception but to clarify the WITH NOCHECK option only applies to the initial creation of the FK, not later updates. If the column with the FK constraint is later updated, the FK is checked. As to whether "later updates" also mean when the table us updated but the column with the constraint is not
updated, no. If you're not updating the column with the FK constraint then the constraint is not checked again.
create table dbo.test
test_id int identity(1,1) not null primary key,
create table dbo.test_child
test_child_id int identity(1,1) not null primary key,
test_id int null,
insert into dbo.test_child (test_id, name) values (1,'John');
alter table dbo.test_child with nocheck add constraint [fk_dbo.test_child_dbo.test.test_id] foreign key (test_id)
references dbo.test (test_id) ;
-- would not succeed if FK were checked
set name = 'Dave'
where name = 'John';
Chances are your CPU is issue is related to something else. It could be a lot of things but if you post the actual execution plan from the update it may give us some things to look into further.
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