The text for the sp_statement_starting event specifically says "Occurs when a statement inside a stored procedure has started.", so I do believe it is counting the SQL statements inside your stored procedure.
I created a very basic stored procedure to test:
CREATE PROCEDURE SelectTableA
SELECT * FROM TableA;
If I modify your code to create the session using my database ID and object_ID, then every time I execute SelectTableA, the occurrence count goes up once. If I add another statement in there, it increments by two every time.
According to this link by Johnathan Kehayias (http://sqlblog.com/blogs/jonathan_kehayias/archive/2010/12/20/an-xevent-a-day-20-of-31-mapping-extended-events-to-sql-trace.aspx), you should be using module_start to capture the SP:Starting events (although, it seems strange that SP:Recompile would use sp_statement_starting, but that's probably my ignorance).
I did test it by changing to sqlserver.module_start and it does appear to do what you're looking to do, but I didn't do a lot of testing with it.