There's no permanent store of deadlocks that have occurred unless you have created one.
You can't get the ' list of deadlocks available in the server' because there's no such thing. SQL does not store deadlock information for long periods. Prior to SQL 2008, it didn't store it at all. If you want to track deadlocks, you need either a custom trace or a custom extended events session or a traceflag and archiving of the error logs.
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: Discussions on DB performance with occasional diversions into recoverability
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