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Annoying join problem & frozen brain.


Annoying join problem & frozen brain.

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snomadj
snomadj
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create table A
(a int, b int)

create table D
(a int)

insert into A values (1,1)
insert into A values (2,1)
insert into A values (1,2)
insert into A values (4,2)

-- this table has other values.
insert into D values (1)
insert into D values (2)
insert into D values (3)
insert into D values (4)

-- I want to join A & D based on a values where A.b = 1
SELECT * FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN a
ON A.a = D.a
WHERE A.b = 1
-- but have the D values 3 & 4 show up with NULL where the A values should be :
-- like this:
1 1 1
2 2 1
3 null null
4 null null

-- In reality, it's more complex based on a big IN clause that I'm trying to avoid using twice.
SELECT * FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN a
ON A.a = D.a
WHERE A.b = 1
AND D.a IN
(1,2,3,4)

-- Appreciate any help!
snomadj
snomadj
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SELECT a2.a, D.a
FROM D
LEFT JOIN
(
SELECT * FROM A
WHERE A.b = 1
) AS a2
ON a2.a = D.a
WHERE D.a IN (1,2,3)

oh dear. i think the act of clarifying in a post sorted my brain out & the above code does what I need. sorry to have bothered!!

one of those days.

Smile
Andy Hyslop
Andy Hyslop
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Like this?


SELECT * FROM D
LEFT JOIN ( SELECT *
FROM
A
WHERE
A.b = 1
) AS A
ON D.a = A.B



==========================================================================================================================
A computer lets you make more mistakes faster than any invention in human history - with the possible exceptions of handguns and tequila. Mitch Ratcliffe
Andy Hyslop
Andy Hyslop
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Didn't see you had already sorted it!

==========================================================================================================================
A computer lets you make more mistakes faster than any invention in human history - with the possible exceptions of handguns and tequila. Mitch Ratcliffe
laurie-789651
laurie-789651
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You need to put the condition in the join clause:



SELECT D.a, A.a, A.b
FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN A
ON A.a = D.a And A.b=1
WHERE A.b = 1 or A.b is null



laurie-789651
laurie-789651
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In fact you don't need the WHERE clause:



SELECT D.a, A.a, A.b
FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN A
ON A.a = D.a And A.b=1




...but you've fixed it. Anyway - there are a few ideas there...
snomadj
snomadj
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Thank you both!! Appreciate you taking the time.

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ChrisM@Work
ChrisM@Work
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SELECT * 
FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN a
ON A.a = D.a
WHERE
A.b = 1 -- << this turns the LEFT OUTER JOIN into an INNER JOIN
AND D.a IN (1,2,3,4)

-- use this instead:
SELECT *
FROM D
LEFT OUTER JOIN a
ON A.a = D.a AND A.b = 1
WHERE D.a IN (1,2,3,4)



Ah, Laurie beat me to it.

“Write the query the simplest way. If through testing it becomes clear that the performance is inadequate, consider alternative query forms.” - Gail Shaw

For fast, accurate and documented assistance in answering your questions, please read this article.
Understanding and using APPLY, (I) and (II) Paul White
Hidden RBAR: Triangular Joins / The "Numbers" or "Tally" Table: What it is and how it replaces a loop Jeff Moden
Exploring Recursive CTEs by Example Dwain Camps
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