While Profiler lets you capture the show plan in XML, I don't believe Profiler displays it ... the URL in the answer gives a description of the Profiler benefits, but I think the correct answer is "No, you have to use SSMS to display the graph."
From http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms191197(SQL.90).aspx -
To view the Showplan XML Statistics Profile event file in SQL Server Management Studio, on the File menu, point to Open, and click File. Navigate to the directory where you saved the Showplan XML Statistics Profile event file or files to select one and open it. Showplan XML Statistics Profile event files have a .SQLPlan file extension.