In the latest versions of SQL Server, there are some amazing new features. Many of them allow us to expand the capabilities of SQL Server, but some are added to allow us to dive more deeply into how the system works. A couple of the newer DMVs are fantastic tools to allow us to find indexes that are unused, duplicate, or unneeded. If you're not using sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats or sys.dm_db_missing_index_details, you should dig into a little and learn how these work. However running a diagnostic query to find unused indexes and then dropping those indexes is a bad idea. You need to ensure that those indexes aren't rarely, or lightly used.
I thought about this recently while giving a talk on maintenance. Indexes require routine maintenance, and many of us schedule rebuilds or reorganizes in our databases to ensure that fragmentation doesn't become an issue. That's a good start, but there's more you can do.
Every month or two you should schedule time to analyze your indexes. Capture a workload from a Trace and analyze it with the Database Tuning Advisor. Take the results and compare them to your current indexing schema. Make a judgement or two on which indexes are used by different queries and spend a few hours testing changes to your systems. You might need new indexes, you might want to remove old indexes that aren't being used, or you might decide to add a column or include to an existing index.
There are lots of articles on SQLServerCentral and blogs on indexing that can help you learn more about what changes might improve performance, but ultimately you will really need to test any changes on your own systems. With a little practice, you can build a short routine that allows you to take a few hours every month and analyze a few indexing changes, perform a little testing, and perhaps greatly improve the performance of your applications.
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