

Old Hand
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Forum Newbie
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Jack, Thanks! In doing some testing I found that if the DOW you are looking for is also the first day of the month then it jumps to the next target DOW in the month. For an example try looking for the first Friday in January 2010. John




Grasshopper
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I found the same problem. When the first of the month is the day in question, it returns the second week. I modified it to this. DECLARE @DATE DATETIME,@GETDATE DATETIME,@MONTHSTDATE DATETIME,@STARTDATE DATETIME SET DATEFIRST 6 SET @STARTDATE='06/21/2010' SELECT @MONTHSTDATE = CONVERT(DATETIME, CONVERT(VARCHAR(5),DATEPART(MM, @STARTDATE)) + '/01/' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(5),DATEPART(YYYY, @STARTDATE)) +' ' + '00:00:00 AM') PRINT @MONTHSTDATE PRINT DATEPART(DW,@MONTHSTDATE) SET @GETDATE=@MONTHSTDATE  CASE WHEN DATEPART(DW,@MONTHSTDATE) = 1 THEN 0 ELSE (DATEPART(DW,@MONTHSTDATE)8) END PRINT @GETDATE




Forum Newbie
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Alphonse, Thanks for the quick post. This is a very clean solution. John




SSC Rookie
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Hi, This is a nice idea, however, with the implementation I see an issue. What if I want to find the first Tuesday for july 2009? Instead of 8 I would have to do 4 and this lands me in June 30th 2009!?
Jack/AlphonseI understand that your initial implementation was to get the first Saturday
Here is a slightly modified version which relies on the default datefirst which is 7
declare @dw int set @dw = 2  [Sunday  Saturday] == [1  7] declare @d datetime set @d = '7/21/2009'
declare @first datetime set @first = convert(varchar, datepart(mm, @d)) + '/01/' + convert(varchar,datepart(yyyy, @d))
declare @dayofweek int set @dayofweek = DATEPART(dw,@first)
print @first + (7+(@dw  @dayofweek))%7




SSC Journeyman
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Here is another approach with the advantage of restoring the @@DATEFIRST value after your calculation:
DECLARE @dt datetime, @date1st int  Save @@DATEFIRST so we can restore it later SET @date1st = @@DATEFIRST SET DATEFIRST 7 SET @dt = '10/12/2009'  Change to first of the month SET @dt = DATEADD(d,1DAY(@dt),@dt) IF DATEPART(dw,@dt) <> 7  If not already Saturday, add a day until it is Saturday WHILE DATEPART(dw, @dt) <> 7 SET @dt = DATEADD(d,1,@dt) PRINT CONVERT(nvarchar(30), @dt, 101)  Restore DATEFIRST SET DATEFIRST @date1st




Forum Newbie
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It just keeps getting gooder and gooder John
And now for those that want a stored proc:
SET ANSI_NULLS ON GO SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON GO  CREATED ON====================================================  8/10/2009 , SQLServerCentral.com  DESCRIPTION=====================================================  Find the first day of week of any month  Example: Saturday is the 6th day of the week so we use 6 as the  @DateFirst variable.  We want the first Saturday of July 2009 so enter ANY date in July 2009.  The proc will return '07/04/2009' which is the first Saturday of July 2009  MODIFICATIONS================================================= ============================================================== CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[UT_First_DayOfWeek_Of_Month] @DayofWeek INT=0, @StartDate DATETIME=NULL AS BEGIN DECLARE @Date DATETIME, @GetDate DATETIME, @MonthDate DATETIME, @DayLast INT SET @DayLast = @@DATEFIRST SET DATEFIRST @DayofWeek SELECT @MonthDate = CONVERT(DATETIME, CONVERT(VARCHAR(5),DATEPART(MM, @StartDate)) + '/01/' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(5),DATEPART(YYYY, @StartDate)) +' ' + '00:00:00 AM') SET @GetDate = @MonthDate  CASE WHEN (DATEPART(DW, @MonthDate) = 1) THEN 0 ELSE (DATEPART(DW,@MonthDate)8) END
SET DATEFIRST @DayLast
SELECT @MonthDate AS FirstDayofMonth, @GetDate AS FirstTargetDOW
END




SSC Veteran
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Why not try this 
SELECT @MONTHSTDATE = DATEADD(MONTH,DATEDIFF(MONTH,0,@STARTDATE),0)
instead of a long winded convert.




Ten Centuries
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No need to change DATEFIRST, create intermediate variables, or a WHILE loop . Just a bit of arithmetic to work out the offset from the first of the month to the first Saturday, using @@DATEFIRST to normalize the day of the week.
SELECT firstsaturday = DATEADD(dd,(7  (DATEPART(dw,DATEADD(month,DATEDIFF(mm,0,getdate()),0)) + @@DATEFIRST) % 7) % 7,DATEADD(month,DATEDIFF(mm,0,getdate()),0)) If anyone needs further explanation I'll try and get back to you later.
Hope this helps
Nigel
 Nigel Useful Links: How to post data/code on a forum to get the best help The "Numbers" or "Tally" Table  Jeff Moden




Ten Centuries
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Just worked out an alternative that avoids one of the the modulus operations
SELECT firstsaturday = DATEADD(dd, (14  @@DATEFIRST  DATEPART(dw,DATEADD(month,DATEDIFF(mm,0,somedate),0)))%7, DATEADD(month,DATEDIFF(mm,0,somedate),0))
 Nigel Useful Links: How to post data/code on a forum to get the best help The "Numbers" or "Tally" Table  Jeff Moden



