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SELECT setter


SELECT setter

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stoklosa
stoklosa
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Comments posted to this topic are about the item SELECT setter
Stewart "Arturius" Campbell
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Usig SELECT is a versatile method of allocating values to multiple variables as well.
good "back to basics" question.

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Fal
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A good question to remind us of something we all might forget: WHERE isn't just used after FROM.

S.
SQLRNNR
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Agreed. Good back to basics question.


Thanks



Jason AKA CirqueDeSQLeil
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Open Minded
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I got the answer right because I was looking at the logic, 'where 1=0'.

But when I changed it to 'where 1=1', the output came out as 0.

If a 'A SELECT statement that doesn't return results doesn't set a variable to anything.', then why didn't it remain at 1 when I changed the logic to 'where 1=1' ?

I hope I don't sound terrible naive about this. Below is the code I used to check the veracity of the statement:

DECLARE @i INT

SELECT @i = 1
SELECT @i = 0 where 1=0
SELECT @i as i

SELECT @i = 1
SELECT @i = 0 where 1=1
SELECT @i as i
SELECT @i

May I ask for further enlightenment? Thank you.
Stewart "Arturius" Campbell
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If a 'A SELECT statement that doesn't return results doesn't set a variable to anything.', then why didn't it remain at 1 when I changed the logic to 'where 1=1' ?


if you run the following statements:
select 'Has no value' where 1 = 0
select 'Has value' where 1 = 1



you will see that the first statement does not return any rows, but the second does.
in this vein, the question posted has "where 1 = 0", which does not generate a result set, which will not change the variable's value.

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Thanks! I hope I got this right: if the WHERE clause will create a result or boolean TRUE (1), then the SELECT part makes a change, if the SELECT part happens to be changing the value of a variable.

It will be just like reversing an IF-THEN statement, like THEN-IF. Well, I hope I got that analogy right also.
Stewart "Arturius" Campbell
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That is correct.
Wherever the predicate equates to true, an action will take place.

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Steve Jones
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I suspected no assignment, but I had these visions of C where = means something happens.

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john.arnott
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I'm proud of my wrong answer ("NULL") as it shows I thought it through, even if incorrectly, before triying the script in SSMS. <rant on> I can't imagine that 85% of respondants actualy knew the result of the SELECT .... where the condition is false would not be assigned to the variable. </rant>

Meanwhile, for those interested in seeing this behavior in SSMS....

DECLARE @i INT

SELECT @i = 0
SELECT @i AS i --Returns 0
SELECT @i = 1 where 1=0 --Null; assignment ignored
SELECT @i AS i --Returns 0
SELECT @i = (SELECT 2 where 1=0)--Assign result of subSelect with FALSE condition ***
SELECT @i AS i --Returns NULL
SELECT @i = 3 where 1=1 --Condition is true, so assignment works
SELECT @i AS i --Returns 3
SELECT @i = (SELECT 4 where 1=1)--Assign result of subSelect with TRUE condition ***
SELECT @i AS i --Returns 4


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