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indexing online vs offline, and setting a database offline


indexing online vs offline, and setting a database offline

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klineandking
klineandking
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Good morning people, my questions is about reorganizing or rebuilding indexes online vs offline, i do not know what this actually means or how its done. and my next question is what would be the reasons for taking a database offline
The_SQL_DBA
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klineandking (1/19/2010)
Good morning people


Very good morning ;-)


my questions is about reorganizing or rebuilding indexes online vs offline, i do not know what this actually means or how its done


1.Index rebuild works by re-creating the index internally again and when that has been achieved, it drops the existing index where as index reorganize is the process of physically re-organizing the leaf nodes of the index.

2.During the index rebuild process, the statistics are also re-computed – same as when a new index gets created. Reorganize on the other hand does not update the statistics. Reorganize essentially just swaps one page with another and thus does not require free space for this operation like rebuild does. Infact, reorganize can free up some pages as it does the reorg in two phases – compaction and defrag.

3. Online Rebuilds of Indexes are supported in Enterprise Edition only..


and my next question is what would be the reasons for taking a database offline


Depends on what you are trying to do?

HTH...

The_SQL_DBA
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klineandking
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Thank you for the reply i appreciate it i would like to know what does the online option on/off do, and what are the possible reasons for taking a database offline and when would i need to do that thanks
M&M
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There was once when I had to restore a database.

Due to some reason, connections continued to persist on this database because of which I couldn't restore.

To overcome this, took the database offline and then performed the restore. :-)

M&M
SQLRNNR
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klineandking (1/19/2010)
Thank you for the reply i appreciate it i would like to know what does the online option on/off do, and what are the possible reasons for taking a database offline and when would i need to do that thanks


Here is something that may help to explain it:
http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/datacenter/?p=249


Online and offline index rebuilds are not related to the database being offline. Rebuilding online allows for less intrusive behavior by the rebuild process so that users may continue to use the database. Rebuilding the index otherwise can cause heavy blocking on the tables while the indexes are rebuilt.



Jason AKA CirqueDeSQLeil
I have given a name to my pain...
MCM SQL Server, MVP


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Jeff Moden
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And just so you know, rebuilding indexes using the "Online" option is only an option in the Enterprise and Developer's (Enterprise with very limited licensing) Editions.

--Jeff Moden

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Suresh B.
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klineandking (1/19/2010)
Thank you for the reply i appreciate it i would like to know what does the online option on/off do, and what are the possible reasons for taking a database offline and when would i need to do that thanks


If you want to move database files from one drive to another, you need to take the database offline.
The_SQL_DBA
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mohammed moinudheen (1/19/2010)
There was once when I had to restore a database.

Due to some reason, connections continued to persist on this database because of which I couldn't restore.

To overcome this, took the database offline and then performed the restore. :-)


Also,you could have gone with the option of putting the database in Single_User mode-->end your own connection --> put the database back to multi_user mode. This is to ensure no connections are active and you can do your restore.

The_SQL_DBA
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Richard M.
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Jeff Moden (1/19/2010)
And just so you know, rebuilding indexes using the "Online" option is only an option in the Enterprise and Developer's (Enterprise with very limited licensing) Editions.


..... and in order to be bale to do the online indexing, the tables cannot contain: XML index, Spatial index, Large object data type columns (image, text, ntext, varchar(max), nvarchar(max), varbinary(max), and xml) in which case you need to do an offline reindexing (which does not mean taking the database off-line...)

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g.graetz
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Richard M. (1/20/2010)
Jeff Moden (1/19/2010)
And just so you know, rebuilding indexes using the "Online" option is only an option in the Enterprise and Developer's (Enterprise with very limited licensing) Editions.


..... and in order to be bale to do the online indexing, the tables cannot contain: XML index, Spatial index, Large object data type columns (image, text, ntext, varchar(max), nvarchar(max), varbinary(max), and xml) in which case you need to do an offline reindexing (which does not mean taking the database off-line...)

..and what we can do instead ?
we have navision 4.0 sp3 with many tables who have clustered indexes
and columns with data typ image etc.
we must accomplish an 24x7 manufacturing plant, there is no offline possible.w00t

thanks for an answer.
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