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Dynamic WHERE statement if stored procedure parameter is null


Dynamic WHERE statement if stored procedure parameter is null

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phoenix_
phoenix_
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I have the stored procedure with @StartDate and @EndDate parameters
my WHERE statement is using those parameters to filter out data

WHERE condition1 and SomeDate >= @StartDate and SomeDate <= @EndDate and condition2

However when @StartDate or @EndDate is null or empty string then WHERE statement should look like below
WHERE condition 1 and condition2

I was trying already to do it with CASE of IF statement but without success so far.
laurie-789651
laurie-789651
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Have you tried dynamic SQL?

Something like this:



declare @sql nvarchar(max),
      @Startdate nvarchar(10),
      @Enddate nvarchar(10);

set @sql = 'select * from #table1';
set @Startdate = '01/01/1900';
set @Enddate = '01/01/1900';

if @Startdate is not null and @Startdate <> ''
and @Enddate is not null and @Enddate <> ''
set @sql = @sql + ' where Startdate >= ''' + @Startdate + ''' and Enddate <= ''' +@Enddate + ''''

print @sql

exec sp_executesql @sql



phoenix_
phoenix_
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To be honest with you I don't like dynamic sql because of quotation marks '' which are making whole code harder to read Smile
So Instead of this I developed something like this:
where condition1 and (SomeDate >= CASE WHEN @StartDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @StartDate END or SomeDate is null)
   and (SomeDate <= CASE WHEN @EndDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @EndDate END or SomeDate is null) and condition2

Sean Lange
Sean Lange
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Oh be careful here Laurie. You suggested using dynamic sql which is a good choice here. However you committed a cardinal sin. You allowed for the parameters to be executed. This is now a sql injection vulnerability. You should instead use parameters to your dynamic sql.

Here is a full working example.


create table #table1
(
   StartDate datetime,
   EndDate datetime
)

insert #table1
select '1/15/1900', '2/1/1900'

declare @sql nvarchar(max),
      @Startdate nvarchar(10),
      @Enddate nvarchar(10);

set @sql = 'select * from #table1';
set @Startdate = '01/01/1900';
set @Enddate = '01/01/1901';

if @Startdate > '' AND @Enddate > ''
set @sql = @sql + ' where Startdate >= @Startdate and Enddate <= @Enddate'

print @sql

exec sp_executesql @sql, N'@Startdate datetime, @EndDate datetime', @Startdate = @Startdate, @Enddate = @Enddate

drop table #table1



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phoenix_ (7/10/2013)
To be honest with you I don't like dynamic sql because of quotation marks '' which are making whole code harder to read Smile
So Instead of this I developed something like this:
where condition1 and (SomeDate >= CASE WHEN @StartDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @StartDate END or SomeDate is null)
   and (SomeDate <= CASE WHEN @EndDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @EndDate END or SomeDate is null) and condition2




This will work to a point. You will end up with some serious performance issues with this type of query though. Check out this article from Gail on the topic.

http://sqlinthewild.co.za/index.php/2009/03/19/catch-all-queries/

_______________________________________________________________

Need help? Help us help you.

Read the article at http://www.sqlservercentral.com/articles/Best+Practices/61537/ for best practices on asking questions.

Need to split a string? Try Jeff Moden's splitter.

Cross Tabs and Pivots, Part 1 – Converting Rows to Columns
Cross Tabs and Pivots, Part 2 - Dynamic Cross Tabs
Understanding and Using APPLY (Part 1)
Understanding and Using APPLY (Part 2)
Steven Willis
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I use this syntax in my where clauses rather than case statements:



WHERE
((@StartDate IS NOT NULL AND StartDate >= @StartDate)
   OR
   (@StartDate IS NULL))
AND ((@EndDate IS NOT NULL AND EndDate <= @EndDate)
   OR
   (@EndDate IS NULL))



Sean Lange
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Steven Willis (7/10/2013)
I use this syntax in my where clauses rather than case statements:



WHERE
((@StartDate IS NOT NULL AND StartDate >= @StartDate)
   OR
   (@StartDate IS NULL))
AND ((@EndDate IS NOT NULL AND EndDate <= @EndDate)
   OR
   (@EndDate IS NULL))




You too might want to read that article from Gail. This type of approach can lead to really awful performance.

_______________________________________________________________

Need help? Help us help you.

Read the article at http://www.sqlservercentral.com/articles/Best+Practices/61537/ for best practices on asking questions.

Need to split a string? Try Jeff Moden's splitter.

Cross Tabs and Pivots, Part 1 – Converting Rows to Columns
Cross Tabs and Pivots, Part 2 - Dynamic Cross Tabs
Understanding and Using APPLY (Part 1)
Understanding and Using APPLY (Part 2)
dwain.c
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Sean Lange (7/10/2013)
phoenix_ (7/10/2013)
To be honest with you I don't like dynamic sql because of quotation marks '' which are making whole code harder to read Smile
So Instead of this I developed something like this:
where condition1 and (SomeDate >= CASE WHEN @StartDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @StartDate END or SomeDate is null)
   and (SomeDate <= CASE WHEN @EndDate is null THEN SomeDate ELSE @EndDate END or SomeDate is null) and condition2




This will work to a point. You will end up with some serious performance issues with this type of query though. Check out this article from Gail on the topic.

http://sqlinthewild.co.za/index.php/2009/03/19/catch-all-queries/


+1 to you Sean for the link to the bible on this topic.

I saw the subject of this thread and visited to make sure someone had already provided it.


My mantra: No loops! No CURSORs! No RBAR! Hoo-uh!

My thought question: Have you ever been told that your query runs too fast?

My advice:
INDEXing a poor-performing query is like putting sugar on cat food. Yeah, it probably tastes better but are you sure you want to eat it?
The path of least resistance can be a slippery slope. Take care that fixing your fixes of fixes doesn't snowball and end up costing you more than fixing the root cause would have in the first place.


Need to UNPIVOT? Why not CROSS APPLY VALUES instead?
Since random numbers are too important to be left to chance, let's generate some!
Learn to understand recursive CTEs by example.
Splitting strings based on patterns can be fast!
My temporal SQL musings: Calendar Tables, an Easter SQL, Time Slots and Self-maintaining, Contiguous Effective Dates in Temporal Tables
kapil_kk
kapil_kk
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Thanks Sean for that link of Gail :-)

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