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ORDER BY = Bubble Sort ? Quick Sort ? Insertion Sort ?


ORDER BY = Bubble Sort ? Quick Sort ? Insertion Sort ?

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karthik M
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Hi All,

When We sort the data by using ORDER BY , which sorting algorithm method will be used by SQL optimizer?

1) Bubble Sort
2) Quick Sort
3) Merge Sort
4) Heap Sort
5) Insertion Sort

Inputs are welcome!

karthik
GilaMonster
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Well the optimiser won't use any algorithm. The optimiser optimises queries, it doesn't run them.

Why does it matter?

Gail Shaw
Microsoft Certified Master: SQL Server, MVP, M.Sc (Comp Sci)
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karthik M
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I have a table with 5 rows.

100
5
232
534453
23

No index has been created.

If I use ORDER BY , which alogirthm is used to do this sort operation?

5
23
100
232
534453

karthik
Lynn Pettis
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karthik M (3/7/2013)
I have a table with 5 rows.

100
5
232
534453
23

No index has been created.

If I use ORDER BY , which alogirthm is used to do this sort operation?

5
23
100
232
534453


Again, why? It does it and it does it quickly.

Cool
Lynn Pettis

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Grant Fritchey
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The query engine will do what it does. That's in the internals. No way to know without a debugger or insider knowledge. It will use tempdb though.

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GilaMonster
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Grant Fritchey (3/7/2013)
The query engine will do what it does. That's in the internals. No way to know without a debugger or insider knowledge. It will use tempdb though.


Unless the data's small enough it can manage entirely within the memory grant. Not much chance of that except with trivial data.

Gail Shaw
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Grant Fritchey
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GilaMonster (3/7/2013)

Unless the data's small enough it can manage entirely within the memory grant. Not much chance of that except with trivial data.


Not arguing, just clarifying, won't it allocate some space on tempdb anyway?

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GilaMonster
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Grant Fritchey (3/7/2013)
GilaMonster (3/7/2013)

Unless the data's small enough it can manage entirely within the memory grant. Not much chance of that except with trivial data.


Not arguing, just clarifying, won't it allocate some space on tempdb anyway?


Sorts I don't think so, not unless it actually spills. Until it spills, it's within the query execution's memory memory space.

Gail Shaw
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karthik M
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whereever the optimizer sort the data, it sould use some algorothim to do this operation? Right?

My question is simple, is there any alogrithm used for ORDER BY clause or not by the optimizer?

karthik
HowardW
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The optimiser is the wrong term for this, it's not the query optimiser that performs sorts.

The Query Engine obviously uses algorithms to perform sorts. Those algorithms are proprietary and undocumented, but you'd imagine them to be based on some of the better performing sorting mechanisms above, tweaked and changed for SQL's internal storage characteristics, index usage, parallelism, statistics, etc.
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