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High Waits for LCK


High Waits for LCK

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SQLSACT
SQLSACT
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Group: General Forum Members
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Hi All

I'm using the following DMV to get an idea of the highest waits on my system:
SELECT TOP 15
wait_type ,
wait_time_ms ,
signal_wait_time_ms ,
wait_time_ms - signal_wait_time_ms AS resource_wait_time_ms ,
100.0 * wait_time_ms / SUM(wait_time_ms) OVER ( )
AS percent_total_waits ,
100.0 * signal_wait_time_ms / SUM(signal_wait_time_ms) OVER ( )
AS percent_total_signal_waits ,
100.0 * ( wait_time_ms - signal_wait_time_ms )
/ SUM(wait_time_ms) OVER ( ) AS percent_total_resource_waits
FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats
WHERE wait_time_ms > 0 -- remove zero wait_time
AND wait_type NOT IN -- filter out additional irrelevant waits
( 'SLEEP_TASK', 'BROKER_TASK_STOP', 'BROKER_TO_FLUSH',
'SQLTRACE_BUFFER_FLUSH','CLR_AUTO_EVENT', 'CLR_MANUAL_EVENT',
'LAZYWRITER_SLEEP', 'SLEEP_SYSTEMTASK', 'SLEEP_BPOOL_FLUSH',
'BROKER_EVENTHANDLER', 'XE_DISPATCHER_WAIT', 'FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX',
'CHECKPOINT_QUEUE', 'FT_IFTS_SCHEDULER_IDLE_WAIT',
'BROKER_TRANSMITTER', 'FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX', 'KSOURCE_WAKEUP',
'LAZYWRITER_SLEEP', 'LOGMGR_QUEUE', 'ONDEMAND_TASK_QUEUE',
'REQUEST_FOR_DEADLOCK_SEARCH', 'XE_TIMER_EVENT', 'BAD_PAGE_PROCESS',
'DBMIRROR_EVENTS_QUEUE', 'BROKER_RECEIVE_WAITFOR',
'PREEMPTIVE_OS_GETPROCADDRESS', 'PREEMPTIVE_OS_AUTHENTICATIONOPS',
'WAITFOR', 'DISPATCHER_QUEUE_SEMAPHORE', 'XE_DISPATCHER_JOIN',
'RESOURCE_QUEUE' )
ORDER BY wait_time_ms DESC



My system reports that 23% of waits have been for the LCK_M_S wait type.

My SQL instance has 20 databases, how can I track down which database is experiencing these lock waits?

Also, what is the most common cause of a blocking problem?

Thanks
Steve Hall
Steve Hall
SSCarpal Tunnel
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Group: General Forum Members
Points: 4992 Visits: 11859
This may be worth looking at http://michaeljswart.com/2011/05/when-to-use-blocked-processes-reports/ where it also links to http://www.sqlskills.com/BLOGS/PAUL/post/Wait-statistics-or-please-tell-me-where-it-hurts.aspx.

sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks will show lock resources and linking it to sys.dm_exec_requests will give you the database id.

Steve Hall
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GilaMonster
GilaMonster
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Group: General Forum Members
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Chapter 6: http://www.simple-talk.com/books/sql-books/troubleshooting-sql-server-a-guide-for-the-accidental-dba/

Gail Shaw
Microsoft Certified Master: SQL Server, MVP, M.Sc (Comp Sci)
SQL In The Wild: Discussions on DB performance with occasional diversions into recoverability

We walk in the dark places no others will enter
We stand on the bridge and no one may pass


TheSQLGuru
TheSQLGuru
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Group: General Forum Members
Points: 30769 Visits: 8668
1) sp_whoisactive can help you see locking waits in real time (along with a TON of other useful features - and it is FREE)

2) the most common cause of lock waits is suboptimal indexing

3) others provided you with links to help you figure out what is being blocked by what

Best,
Kevin G. Boles
SQL Server Consultant
SQL MVP 2007-2012
TheSQLGuru on googles mail service
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