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DateTime Puzzle


DateTime Puzzle

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Sunil Chandurkar
Sunil Chandurkar
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Comments posted to this topic are about the item DateTime Puzzle
bitbucket-25253
bitbucket-25253
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Thanks, a nice easy question

If everything seems to be going well, you have obviously overlooked something.

Ron

Please help us, help you -before posting a question please read

Before posting a performance problem please read
Paul White
Paul White
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The explanation could be better. The question does not involve a float value. By default, the literal value 0.25 is interpreted as a numeric(2,2):


SELECT
0.25 AS col1
INTO #v;

EXECUTE
tempdb.sys.sp_columns
@table_name = N'#v',
@table_owner = N'banana',
@table_qualifier = N'tempdb',
@column_name = N'col1';

DROP TABLE #v;


If the intention has been to show a float, either a float literal or a typed variable could have been used:

SELECT CAST(25e-2 AS datetime);

DECLARE @f float = 25e-2;
SELECT CAST(@f AS datetime);


Datetime values are no more "associated" with a float value than they are with any other type that can be implicitly converted (see the conversion table in Books Online - CAST and CONVERT (Transact-SQL)). The internal representation is two integers - one for the number of days from the base date, and one for the number of ticks (1/300th second) since midnight. In fact the second format seems to be 0.003 second time intervals, rounded to 0, 3, or 7 in the third decimal place when used:


DECLARE @dt datetime = '1900-01-02 00:00:00.006';
SELECT @dt;
SELECT CONVERT(binary(8), @dt);


My biggest concern with this question though, is that it encourages people to be sloppy with types and relies on hidden implicit conversions. As a general rule, try to be explicit about types in T-SQL code.



Paul White
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Koen Verbeeck
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Thanks for the question. Easy one to start the week.



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Hugo Kornelis
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Thanks, Paul! You saved me a lot of time by addressing all the points I wanted to address after reading the explanation of this question.

It never ceases to amaze me how many people think datetime data is internally stored as a float. That statement is even being made explicitly in the topic referenced in the explanation of this question. And while this question uses the weaker verb "associate", it will again reinforce that believe for some people.

And now, I am silently hoping that we'll get the same question tomorrow, with the same answer options - but with data type datetime2. <evil grin>


Hugo Kornelis, SQL Server MVP
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Igor Micev
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The answer was easy.
I also appreciate the discussion from SQL Kiwi.

Thanks
IgorMi


Igor Micev,
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The answer was easy.
I also appreciate the discussion from SQL Kiwi.

Thanks
IgorMi


Igor Micev,
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www.seavus.com
Igor Micev
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The answer was easy.
I also appreciate the discussion from SQL Kiwi.

Thanks
IgorMi


Igor Micev,
‌SQL Server developer at Seavus
www.seavus.com
Stewart "Arturius" Campbell
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Thanks for the simple question.
However, as stated by Paul, the idea that DATETIME et al are stored as FLOAT is highly disturbing.

____________________________________________
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All limits henceforth are self-imposed.
“libera tute vulgaris ex”
Paul White
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Hugo Kornelis (5/7/2012)
Thanks, Paul! You saved me a lot of time by addressing all the points I wanted to address after reading the explanation of this question.

Makes a change! I normally get to the question after you and end up posting the '+1' :-)
I too, look forward to the repeat question based on DATETIME2.



Paul White
SQLPerformance.com
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