So you have a Database that is not part of the Availability Group?
Is the Database ONLINE?
Is the Database ready to be added to the Availability Group?
- Or the Database is corrupted?
-Or the Database needs to be Restored from backup for whatever reason?
Can you be more specific on your question. I'll make an assumption.
1. Your database is ONLINE and ready to be added to the Availability Group. First time adding this database to Availability Group.
2. The availability Group is Healthy and there are no issues. Shares are properly configured for Synchronization.
3. You are using either SQL 2012 or 2014. SQL 2016 makes it a little bit easier with "SEEDING".
4. Go to Always ON High Availability > Availability Groups > Select the GROUP > Right click on Availability Databases > "Add Database"
- Here it will tell you if it "Meets Prerequisites"
- Or needs "Full Recovery"
- or needs a "Backup"
5. If it meets Prerequisites then you can add it
6. It will ask you to connect to the secondary node
7. in the Select Data Synchronization it will ask you to choose one of the following:
- Specify the file share path (Location of Full Database and Log backup) - I usually do this one
- Join Only (you have restored database and log backup to each secondary server) - I've had problems with this one
- Skip initial Synchronization (perform own DB/log backup to primary ) -never done this one
8. It will perform a validation... if there are errors it will tell you here. Errors such as
- problems with shared location
- Disk space
- Does database already exists in secondary node or files already exists there
- Compatibility of file locations
9. Once it passes the validation then you are ready to FINISH and make it part of the availability Group.
It will Synchronize and add it to the secondary node.
Things to know :
Server 1 : developmentsql1
Server2 : developmentsql2
Database to be added : MyDatabase
Availability Group : DEVSQLGRP
Shared backup location 1 : \\Developmentsql1\SharedLocation\
Shared Backup location: \\Developmentsql2\SharedLocation\
--- YOU MUST EXECUTE THE FOLLOWING SCRIPT IN SQLCMD MODE.
:Connect developmentsql1 --whatever name of your primary server
ALTER AVAILABILITY GROUP [DEVSQLGRP] --whatever GROUP name you have
ADD DATABASE [MyDatabase]; --whatever Server
BACKUP DATABASE [MyDatabase] TO DISK = N'\\Developmentsql1\SharedLocation\developmentsql.bak' WITH COPY_ONLY, FORMAT, INIT, SKIP, REWIND, NOUNLOAD, COMPRESSION, STATS = 5
RESTORE DATABASE [PeopleAdmin] FROM DISK = N'\\Developmentsql2\SharedLocation\developmentsql.bak' WITH NORECOVERY, NOUNLOAD, STATS = 5
BACKUP LOG [PeopleAdmin] TO DISK = N'\\Developmentsql1\SharedLocation\developmentsql.trn' WITH NOFORMAT, INIT, NOSKIP, REWIND, NOUNLOAD, COMPRESSION, STATS = 5
RESTORE LOG [PeopleAdmin] FROM DISK = N'\\Developmentsql2\SharedLocation\developmentsql.trn' WITH NORECOVERY, NOUNLOAD, STATS = 5
-- Wait for the replica to start communicating
declare @conn bit
declare @count int
declare @replica_id uniqueidentifier
declare @group_id uniqueidentifier
set @conn = 0
set @count = 30 -- wait for 5 minutes
if (serverproperty('IsHadrEnabled') = 1)
and (isnull((select member_state from master.sys.dm_hadr_cluster_members where upper(member_name COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS) = upper(cast(serverproperty('ComputerNamePhysicalNetBIOS') as nvarchar(256)) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS)), 0) <> 0)
and (isnull((select state from master.sys.database_mirroring_endpoints), 1) = 0)
select @group_id = ags.group_id from master.sys.availability_groups as ags where name = N'DEVSQLGRP'
select @replica_id = replicas.replica_id from master.sys.availability_replicas as replicas where upper(replicas.replica_server_name COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS) = upper(@@SERVERNAME COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS) and group_id = @group_id
while @conn <> 1 and @count > 0
set @conn = isnull((select connected_state from master.sys.dm_hadr_availability_replica_states as states where states.replica_id = @replica_id), 1)
if @conn = 1
-- exit loop when the replica is connected, or if the query cannot find the replica status
waitfor delay '00:00:10'
set @count = @count - 1
-- If the wait loop fails, do not stop execution of the alter database statement
ALTER DATABASE [MyDatabase] SET HADR AVAILABILITY GROUP = [DEVSQLGRP];