Frequently you'll want to know how fast your database has been growing. Ideally, you'll have historical size information on all the databases that you work on. In the real world, however, this is not necessarily the case.
What we have most often is the backup history. Luckily, we can get a rough outline of the growth of your database, over time, from the msdb..backupset table. This query will give the size of the backup, every time that a backup was done. From this you can get a pretty good idea of how fast your database is growing.