Printed 2017/01/23 10:25AM

T-SQL Tuesday #1: Date/Time Tricks

By Grant Fritchey, 2009/12/08

I’m going to try out Adam Machanic’s idea for a blog party. The topic this month are Date/Time tricks.

Instead of supplying a trick for Date/Time, I’m going to caution you about the tricks that you use. Let’s takeĀ a simple issue. You want to pull back data from a table, let’s use the Production.TransactionHistoryArchive in AdventureWorks2008, for a given month of data. Before we run the query, let’s create an index on the table:

CREATE INDEX ixTest ON Production.TransactionHistoryArchive

The query itself is pretty simple. This is one mechanism that will retrieve the data for the month of July in 2003:

SELECT tha.TransactionID
FROM Production.TransactionHistoryArchive AS tha
WHERE DATEPART(yy,tha.TransactionDate) = 2003
AND DATEPART(mm,tha.TransactionDate) = 7

In theory you should be able to use the index that was created earlier, but instead, you’ll see this execution plan:

The problem is occuring because there is a function running against the columns. This is going to force a scan, even though you have a good index. Rewriting the query so that it looks like this:

SELECT tha.ProductionID
FROM Production.TransactionHistoryArchive AS tha
WHERE tha.TransactionDate
BETWEEN '2003/7/1'
AND '2003/7/31'

Eliminates the function on the column so that the execution plan is now a nice clean index seek:

Whatever tricks you begin to apply to date/time, be careful of how you apply them. And, if you try a fix like I supplied above, be sure it returns the data you think it returns, testing is the key to applying anything you read on the internet.

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