SQL Clone
SQLServerCentral is supported by Redgate
 
Log in  ::  Register  ::  Not logged in
 
 
 

Creating Bar Graph In SQL Server 2017 Using R

Creating a bar graph with R in SQL Server 2017 is relatively easy. It’s just a matter of finding the correct functions, components, and properties of the package of your choice. For our example here, I am using ggplot2 which is probably the most popular plotting system for R.

Let’s create a quick colorful bar graph. This should demonstrate how easy it is to use ggplot2 in SQL Server 2017 with R. “Easy”, of course, is a relative term. Well, it’s not easy on the onset as you have to get yourself familiarized with all the components of the package. But once you’re doing this on regular basis, you’ll get the hang of it. Think of the time when you’re still learning how to write your first Select statement in SQL.

Cheesy Bar Graph

Let’s begin with the end in mind. Here’s our cheesy colorful bar graph:

Install Package

Let’s install the package if it hasn’t been installed yet. The easiest way to do that is to run RGUI.exe that came with your SQL Server 2017 In-Database Machine Learning installation. You can find it here:

C:\Program Files\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\R_SERVICES\bin\x64

Take note that you need to run the executable as Administrator. Also, if you’ve installed the R engine prior to your SQL Server 2017 In-Database Machine Learning with R, you have to explicitly tell the R package installer where you want your package installed.

> install.packages("ggplot2", lib="C:\\Program Files\\Microsoft SQL Server\\MSSQL14.MSSQLSERVER\\R_SERVICES\\library", dep = TRUE)

dep = TRUE tells the installer to install dependencies. ggplot2 depends on a lot of other packages. You can check dependencies using MiniCRAN.

Dataset

Our dataset is based on the WorldWideImporters database. Here we’ve got the Sum of Line Profit per Stock Group:

USE WideWorldImporters;
GO

SELECT sg.StockGroupName,
SUM(il.LineProfit) AS LineProfit
FROM Sales.InvoiceLines il
JOIN Warehouse.StockItems si
ON il.StockItemID = si.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockItemStockGroups sis
ON si.StockItemID = sis.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockGroups sg
ON sis.StockGroupID = sg.StockGroupID
GROUP BY sg.StockGroupName;

Setup

Let’s create a directory for the graphics output –C:\Marlon_Test.

Here’s the script that we pass to @script parameter for sp_execute_external_script:

library(ggplot2);
chartStockGroupProfit <- "C:\\Marlon_test\\StockGroupProfit.png"
png(filename=chartStockGroupProfit, width=1000, height=800)
StockGroupProfit <- InputDataSet
StockGroupProfitChart <- ggplot(data=StockGroupProfit, aes(x=StockGroupName, y=LineProfit)) +
geom_bar(stat="identity")
print(StockGroupProfitChart)

Where:

chartStockGroupProfit - Filename

StockGroupProfit - Data Frame based on the InputDataSet (see Select Statement above)

StockGroupProfitChart - The actual chart

Create the Bar Graph

Let’s put that together. Note: Although you specified you wanted to install the dependencies for the ggplot2 package (dep = TRUE), the installer in some cases might not install all of them. If the ggplot2 fails with “missing package” error, just install the specified package using RGui.exe (see above).

EXEC sp_execute_external_script
@language = N'R',
@script = N'
library(ggplot2);
chartStockGroupProfit <- "C:\\Marlon_test\\StockGroupProfit.png"
png(filename=chartStockGroupProfit, width=1000, height=800)
StockGroupProfit <- InputDataSet
StockGroupProfitChart <- ggplot(data=StockGroupProfit, aes(x=StockGroupName, y=LineProfit)) +
geom_bar(stat="identity")
print(StockGroupProfitChart)',
@input_data_1 = N'
SELECT sg.StockGroupName,
SUM(il.LineProfit) AS LineProfit
FROM Sales.InvoiceLines il
JOIN Warehouse.StockItems si
ON il.StockItemID = si.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockItemStockGroups sis
ON si.StockItemID = sis.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockGroups sg
ON sis.StockGroupID = sg.StockGroupID
GROUP BY sg.StockGroupName;';

Bar Graph Format

You may argue that the above graph looks a lot better than our colorful graph at the top of this blog. But arguments aside, let’s put on some formatting.

You may notice that the Y-Axis (Line Profit) is not in Dollar ($) format. The Packaging Material group is more than $50,000,000.00.

Well, you can argue about the aesthetic of the graph, but you may agree that the exponential format of the Line Profit is not quite intuitive.

If we divide the LineProfit by the exponential value of 1e6 (1 times 10 to the power 6, which is 1,000,000), then we get a readable metrics:

aes(x=StockGroupName, y=LineProfit/1e6)

To format that value in Dollars ($), we need to add another library to the script – library(scales).

Then we can do:

scale_y_continuous(labels = dollar)

Rename Labels

You may notice that the Y-Axis Label says “LineProfit/1e+06”. That can easily be renamed by using the lab() function:

labs(x="Product Groups", y="Line Profit (Millions)")

To format the data frame labels, use the theme() function:

theme(text = element_text(size=20, color="blue"), axis.text.y = element_text(size=18, face="bold"), axis.text.x = element_text(size=18, face="bold", angle=80, vjust = 0.5))

Then, we should have something like this:

Reorder Bar Graph

Just to have the graph easy to read, let’s reorder the bar in descending order.

Plus, we don’t really like to look at bars that seem to resemble that of a dirty finger gesture (you’ll see it).

aes(x=reorder(StockGroupName,-LineProfit / 1e6), y=LineProfit / 1e6))

Rainbow Magic

To have that rainbow effect on the bars, modify the geom_bar() like this:

geom_bar(stat="identity",fill = rainbow(n=length(StockGroupProfit$LineProfit)))

Putting it all together

Here’s the complete R code:

EXEC sp_execute_external_script
@language = N'R',
@script = N'
# Use ggplot2/scales
library(ggplot2);
library(scales)
# Create chart file (folder must be existing)
chartStockGroupProfit <- "C:\\Marlon_test\\StockGroupProfit.png"
png(filename=chartStockGroupProfit, width=1000, height=800)
# Define data frame
StockGroupProfit <- InputDataSet
# Build chart
StockGroupProfitChart <- ggplot(data=StockGroupProfit, aes(x=reorder(StockGroupName,-LineProfit / 1e6), y=LineProfit / 1e6)) +
geom_bar(stat="identity",fill = rainbow(n=length(StockGroupProfit$LineProfit))) +
theme(text = element_text(size=20, color="blue"), axis.text.y = element_text(size=18, face="bold"), axis.text.x = element_text(size=18, face="bold", angle=80, vjust = 0.5)) +
labs(x="Product Groups", y="Line Profit (Millions)") +
scale_y_continuous(labels = dollar)
print(StockGroupProfitChart)',
@input_data_1 = N'
SELECT sg.StockGroupName,
SUM(il.LineProfit) AS LineProfit
FROM Sales.InvoiceLines il
JOIN Warehouse.StockItems si
ON il.StockItemID = si.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockItemStockGroups sis
ON si.StockItemID = sis.StockItemID
JOIN Warehouse.StockGroups sg
ON sis.StockGroupID = sg.StockGroupID
GROUP BY sg.StockGroupName;'

There you go. Happy plotting!

 

The post Creating Bar Graph In SQL Server 2017 Using R appeared first on SQL, Code, Coffee, Etc..

Marlon Ribunal - SQL, Code, Coffee, etc.

I'm passionate about SQL Server. But I feel like I haven't reached my full potential yet. So, this is my mission: My purpose is to help people in their pursuit of growth and development; and, thereby, help myself realize my full potential as a professional, husband, father, christian, and human being.
My online presences include: Tech Blog: Marlon Ribunal - SQL, Code, Coffee, etc. Productivity & GTD Hack Blog: Productivity Bits Twitter: @MarlonRibunal

Comments

Leave a comment on the original post [marlonribunal.com, opens in a new window]

Loading comments...