James is a big data and data warehousing technology specialist at Microsoft. He is a thought leader in the use and application of Big Data technologies, including MPP solutions involving hybrid technologies of relational data, Hadoop, and private and public cloud. Previously he was an independent consultant working as a Data Warehouse/Business Intelligence architect and developer. He is a prior SQL Server MVP with over 30 years of IT experience. James is a popular blogger (JamesSerra.com) and speaker, having presented at dozens of PASS events including the PASS Business Analytics conference and the PASS Summit. He is the author of the book “Reporting with Microsoft SQL Server 2012”. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Engineering from the University of Nevada-Las Vegas.
Microsoft has posted the licensing for SQL Server 2012. It has simplified licensing: SQL Server 2012 will offer two licensing options – one that is based on computing power (“core based”), and one that is based on users or devices (“Server + Client Access License (CAL)”). Note that the licensing previously was per socket. The explosion of multi-core processors is behind that change. Per-core licensing also simplifies virtualization licensing, since a physical core equals a virtual core.
It also has a new edition called Business Intelligence, and no longer has the Datacenter edition or Workgroup Edition. So the three editions are: Standard, Business Intelligence, and Enterprise (actually four editions if you count the free Express edition). Here are the differences:
And here is the retail pricing for new purchases:
SQL SERVER 2012 LICENSING OVERVIEW
SQL Server 2012 Licensing Changes
SQL Server 2012 High Availability and Editions: Basic vs. Advanced
SQL Server 2012 Licensing and Hardware Considerations