http://www.sqlservercentral.com/blogs/glennberry/2010/11/15/sql-server-2005-diagnostic-information-queries-_2800_november-2010_2900_/

Printed 2014/10/25 05:46PM

SQL Server 2005 Diagnostic Information Queries (November 2010)

By GlennBerry, 2010/11/15

Here is the November 2010 version of my diagnostic information queries for SQL Server 2005. Many of these queries are DMV queries that require VIEW SERVER STATE permission in order to run. Some of these queries will also run on SQL Server 2008 and 2008 R2, but you are really better off running the 2008/2008 R2 version of these queries.

Don’t forget that you really should be running SQL Server 2005 SP3 (since SP2 is retired and unsupported), and that SQL Server 2005 SP4 is due to be released before the end of 2010. The CTP for SQL Server 2005 SP4 was released a couple of weeks ago. You should not install the CTP release of SP4 in a Production environment.

-- SQL Server 2005 Diagnostic Information Queries
-- Glenn Berry
-- November 2010
-- http://sqlserverperformance.wordpress.com/
-- Twitter: GlennAlanBerry

-- SQL Version information for current instance
SELECT @@VERSION AS [SQL Version Info];

--   SQL 2005 SP2 is now an "unsupported service pack"
--   SQL 2005 SP2 Builds             SQL 2005 SP3 Builds
-- Build       Description        Build       Description
-- 3042        SP2 RTM              4035        SP3 RTM
-- 3161        SP2 CU1              4207        SP3 CU1
-- 3175        SP2 CU2              4211        SP3 CU2
-- 3186        SP2 CU3              4220        SP3 CU3
-- 3200        SP2 CU4              4226        SP3 CU4
-- 3215        SP2 CU5              4230        SP3 CU5
-- 3228        SP2 CU6              4266        SP3 CU6
-- 3239        SP2 CU7              4273        SP3 CU7
-- 3257        SP2 CU8              4285        SP3 CU8
-- 3282        SP2 CU9              4294        SP3 CU9
-- 3294        SP2 CU10             4305        SP3 CU10
-- 3301        SP2 CU11             4309        SP3 CU11
-- 3315        SP2 CU12             4311        SP3 CU12
-- 3325        SP2 CU13
-- 3328        SP2 CU14
-- 3330        SP2 CU15
-- 3355        SP2 CU16
-- 3356        SP2 CU17
-- SP2 Branch is "retired"

-- Hardware Information for SQL Server 2005
-- (Cannot distinguish between HT and multi-core)
SELECT cpu_count AS [Logical CPU Count], hyperthread_ratio AS [Hyperthread Ratio],
cpu_count/hyperthread_ratio AS [Physical CPU Count],
physical_memory_in_bytes/1048576 AS [Physical Memory (MB)]
FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info;

-- Get configuration values for instance
SELECT name, value, value_in_use, [description]
FROM sys.configurations
ORDER BY name ;

-- Focus on
-- clr enabled (only enable if you need it)
-- lightweight pooling (should be zero)
-- max degree of parallelism
-- max server memory (MB)
-- priority boost (should be zero)

-- File Names and Paths for TempDB and all user databases in instance
SELECT DB_NAME([database_id])AS [Database Name], [file_id],
       name, physical_name, type_desc
FROM sys.master_files
WHERE [database_id] > 4 AND [database_id] <> 32767
OR [database_id] = 2;

-- Things to look at:
-- Are data files and log files on different drives?
-- Is everything on C: drive?
-- Is TempDB on dedicated drives?
-- Are there multiple data files?

-- Calculates average stalls per read, per write, and per total input/output for each database file.
SELECT DB_NAME(fs.database_id) AS [Database Name], mf.physical_name, io_stall_read_ms, num_of_reads,
CAST(io_stall_read_ms/(1.0 + num_of_reads) AS NUMERIC(10,1)) AS [avg_read_stall_ms],io_stall_write_ms,
num_of_writes,CAST(io_stall_write_ms/(1.0+num_of_writes) AS NUMERIC(10,1)) AS [avg_write_stall_ms],
io_stall_read_ms + io_stall_write_ms AS [io_stalls], num_of_reads + num_of_writes AS [total_io],
CAST((io_stall_read_ms + io_stall_write_ms)/(1.0 + num_of_reads + num_of_writes) AS NUMERIC(10,1))
AS [avg_io_stall_ms]
FROM sys.dm_io_virtual_file_stats(null,null) AS fs
INNER JOIN sys.master_files AS mf
ON fs.database_id = mf.database_id
AND fs.[file_id] = mf.[file_id]
ORDER BY avg_io_stall_ms DESC;

-- Helps determine which database files on the entire instance have the most I/O bottlenecks

-- Recovery model, log reuse wait description, and compatibility level for all databases on instance
SELECT [name], recovery_model_desc, log_reuse_wait_desc, [compatibility_level]
FROM sys.databases;

-- Things to look at
-- How many databases are on the instance?
-- What recovery models are they using?
-- What is the log reuse wait description?
-- What compatibility level are they on?

-- Clear Wait Stats
-- DBCC SQLPERF('sys.dm_os_wait_stats', CLEAR);

-- Isolate top waits for server instance since last restart or statistics clear
WITH Waits AS
(SELECT wait_type, wait_time_ms / 1000. AS wait_time_s,
100. * wait_time_ms / SUM(wait_time_ms) OVER() AS pct,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY wait_time_ms DESC) AS rn
FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats
WHERE wait_type NOT IN ('CLR_SEMAPHORE','LAZYWRITER_SLEEP','RESOURCE_QUEUE','SLEEP_TASK'
,'SLEEP_SYSTEMTASK','SQLTRACE_BUFFER_FLUSH','WAITFOR', 'LOGMGR_QUEUE','CHECKPOINT_QUEUE'
,'REQUEST_FOR_DEADLOCK_SEARCH','XE_TIMER_EVENT','BROKER_TO_FLUSH','BROKER_TASK_STOP','CLR_MANUAL_EVENT'
,'CLR_AUTO_EVENT','DISPATCHER_QUEUE_SEMAPHORE', 'FT_IFTS_SCHEDULER_IDLE_WAIT'
,'XE_DISPATCHER_WAIT', 'XE_DISPATCHER_JOIN', 'SQLTRACE_INCREMENTAL_FLUSH_SLEEP'))
SELECT W1.wait_type,
CAST(W1.wait_time_s AS DECIMAL(12, 2)) AS wait_time_s,
CAST(W1.pct AS DECIMAL(12, 2)) AS pct,
CAST(SUM(W2.pct) AS DECIMAL(12, 2)) AS running_pct
FROM Waits AS W1
INNER JOIN Waits AS W2
ON W2.rn <= W1.rn
GROUP BY W1.rn, W1.wait_type, W1.wait_time_s, W1.pct
HAVING SUM(W2.pct) - W1.pct < 99; -- percentage threshold

-- Common Significant Wait types with BOL explanations

-- *** Network Related Waits ***
-- ASYNC_NETWORK_IO        Occurs on network writes when the task is blocked behind the network

-- *** Locking Waits ***
-- LCK_M_IX                Occurs when a task is waiting to acquire an Intent Exclusive (IX) lock
-- LCK_M_IU                Occurs when a task is waiting to acquire an Intent Update (IU) lock
-- LCK_M_S                Occurs when a task is waiting to acquire a Shared lock

-- *** I/O Related Waits ***
-- ASYNC_IO_COMPLETION  Occurs when a task is waiting for I/Os to finish
-- IO_COMPLETION        Occurs while waiting for I/O operations to complete.
--                      This wait type generally represents non-data page I/Os. Data page I/O completion waits appear
--                      as PAGEIOLATCH_* waits
-- PAGEIOLATCH_SH        Occurs when a task is waiting on a latch for a buffer that is in an I/O request.
--                      The latch request is in Shared mode. Long waits may indicate problems with the disk subsystem.
-- PAGEIOLATCH_EX        Occurs when a task is waiting on a latch for a buffer that is in an I/O request.
--                      The latch request is in Exclusive mode. Long waits may indicate problems with the disk subsystem.
-- WRITELOG             Occurs while waiting for a log flush to complete.
--                      Common operations that cause log flushes are checkpoints and transaction commits.
-- PAGELATCH_EX            Occurs when a task is waiting on a latch for a buffer that is not in an I/O request.
--                      The latch request is in Exclusive mode.
-- BACKUPIO                Occurs when a backup task is waiting for data, or is waiting for a buffer in which to store data

-- *** CPU Related Waits ***
-- SOS_SCHEDULER_YIELD  Occurs when a task voluntarily yields the scheduler for other tasks to execute.
--                      During this wait the task is waiting for its quantum to be renewed.

-- THREADPOOL            Occurs when a task is waiting for a worker to run on.
--                      This can indicate that the maximum worker setting is too low, or that batch executions are taking
--                      unusually long, thus reducing the number of workers available to satisfy other batches.
-- CX_PACKET            Occurs when trying to synchronize the query processor exchange iterator
--                        You may consider lowering the degree of parallelism if contention on this wait type becomes a problem

-- Signal Waits for instance
SELECT CAST(100.0 * SUM(signal_wait_time_ms) / SUM (wait_time_ms) AS NUMERIC(20,2)) AS [%signal (cpu) waits],
       CAST(100.0 * SUM(wait_time_ms - signal_wait_time_ms) / SUM (wait_time_ms) AS NUMERIC(20,2)) AS [%resource waits]
FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats;

-- Signal Waits above 10-15% is usually a sign of CPU pressure

-- Get Average Task Counts (run multiple times)
SELECT AVG(current_tasks_count) AS [Avg Task Count],
AVG(runnable_tasks_count) AS [Avg Runnable Task Count],
AVG(pending_disk_io_count) AS [AvgPendingDiskIOCount]
FROM sys.dm_os_schedulers WITH (NOLOCK)
WHERE scheduler_id < 255;

-- Sustained values above 10 suggest further investigation in that area

-- Get CPU Utilization History (SQL 2005 Only)
DECLARE @ts_now bigint;
SET @ts_now = (SELECT cpu_ticks / CONVERT(float, cpu_ticks_in_ms) FROM sys.dm_os_sys_info); 

SELECT TOP(144) SQLProcessUtilization AS [SQL Server Process CPU Utilization],
               SystemIdle AS [System Idle Process],
               100 - SystemIdle - SQLProcessUtilization AS [Other Process CPU Utilization],
               DATEADD(ms, -1 * (@ts_now - [timestamp]), GETDATE()) AS [Event Time]
FROM (
      SELECT record.value('(./Record/@id)[1]', 'int') AS record_id,
            record.value('(./Record/SchedulerMonitorEvent/SystemHealth/SystemIdle)[1]', 'int')
            AS [SystemIdle],
            record.value('(./Record/SchedulerMonitorEvent/SystemHealth/ProcessUtilization)[1]',
            'int')
            AS [SQLProcessUtilization], [timestamp]
      FROM (
            SELECT [timestamp], CONVERT(xml, record) AS [record]
            FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers
            WHERE ring_buffer_type = N'RING_BUFFER_SCHEDULER_MONITOR'
            AND record LIKE '%<SystemHealth>%') AS x
      ) AS y
ORDER BY record_id DESC;

-- Page Life Expectancy (PLE) value for default instance
SELECT cntr_value AS [Page Life Expectancy]
FROM sys.dm_os_performance_counters
WHERE OBJECT_NAME = 'SQLServer:Buffer Manager' -- Modify this if you have named instances
AND counter_name = 'Page life expectancy';

-- PLE is a good measurement of memory pressure
-- Higher PLE is better. Below 300 is generally bad.
-- Watch the trend, not the absolute value

-- Buffer Pool Usage for instance
SELECT TOP(20) [type], SUM(single_pages_kb) AS [SPA Mem, Kb]
FROM sys.dm_os_memory_clerks
GROUP BY [type]
ORDER BY SUM(single_pages_kb) DESC;

-- CACHESTORE_SQLCP  SQL Plans         - These are cached SQL statements or batches that aren't in
--                                     stored procedures, functions and triggers
-- CACHESTORE_OBJCP  Object Plans      - These are compiled plans for stored procedures,
--                                     functions and triggers
-- CACHESTORE_PHDR   Algebrizer Trees  - An algebrizer tree is the parsed SQL text that
--                                     resolves the table and column names

-- Find single-use, ad-hoc queries that are bloating the plan cache
SELECT TOP(100) [text], cp.size_in_bytes
FROM sys.dm_exec_cached_plans AS cp
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(plan_handle)
WHERE cp.cacheobjtype = N'Compiled Plan'
AND cp.objtype = N'Adhoc'
AND cp.usecounts = 1
ORDER BY cp.size_in_bytes DESC;

-- Gives you the text and size of single-use ad-hoc queries that waste space in plan cache
-- Enabling 'optimize for ad hoc workloads' for the instance can help (SQL Server 2008 and 2008 R2 only)
-- Enabling forced parameterization for the database can help

-- Switch to user database *******************
--USE YourDatabaseName;
--GO

-- Individual File Sizes and space available for current database
SELECT name AS [File Name] , physical_name AS [Physical Name], size/128.0 AS [Total Size in MB],
size/128.0 - CAST(FILEPROPERTY(name, 'SpaceUsed') AS int)/128.0 AS [Available Space In MB]
FROM sys.database_files;

-- Look at how large and how full the files are and where they are located
-- Make sure the transaction log is not full!!

-- Cached SP's By Execution Count (SQL 2005)
SELECT TOP(25) qt.[text] AS [SP Name], qs.execution_count AS [Execution Count],
qs.execution_count/DATEDIFF(Second, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Calls/Second],
qs.total_worker_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgWorkerTime],
qs.total_worker_time AS [TotalWorkerTime],
qs.total_elapsed_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgElapsedTime],
qs.max_logical_reads, qs.max_logical_writes, qs.total_physical_reads,
DATEDIFF(Minute, qs.creation_time, GetDate()) AS [Age in Cache]
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.[sql_handle]) AS qt
WHERE qt.[dbid] = DB_ID() -- Filter by current database
ORDER BY qs.execution_count DESC;

-- Cached SP's By Worker Time (SQL 2005) Worker time relates to CPU cost
SELECT TOP(25) qt.[text] AS [SP Name], qs.total_worker_time AS [TotalWorkerTime],
qs.total_worker_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgWorkerTime],
qs.execution_count AS [Execution Count],
ISNULL(qs.execution_count/DATEDIFF(Second, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()), 0) AS [Calls/Second],
ISNULL(qs.total_elapsed_time/qs.execution_count, 0) AS [AvgElapsedTime],
qs.max_logical_reads, qs.max_logical_writes,
DATEDIFF(Minute, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Age in Cache]
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.[sql_handle]) AS qt
WHERE qt.[dbid] = DB_ID() -- Filter by current database
ORDER BY qs.total_worker_time DESC;

-- Cached SP's By Logical Reads (SQL 2005) Logical reads relate to memory pressure
SELECT TOP(25) qt.[text] AS [SP Name], total_logical_reads, qs.max_logical_reads,
total_logical_reads/qs.execution_count AS [AvgLogicalReads], qs.execution_count AS [Execution Count],
qs.execution_count/DATEDIFF(Second, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Calls/Second],
qs.total_worker_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgWorkerTime],
qs.total_worker_time AS [TotalWorkerTime],
qs.total_elapsed_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgElapsedTime],
qs.total_logical_writes,
 qs.max_logical_writes, qs.total_physical_reads,
DATEDIFF(Minute, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Age in Cache]
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.[sql_handle]) AS qt
WHERE qt.[dbid] = DB_ID() -- Filter by current database
ORDER BY total_logical_reads DESC;

-- Top Cached SPs By Total Logical Writes (SQL 2005)
-- Logical writes relate to both memory and disk I/O pressure
SELECT TOP(25) qt.[text] AS [SP Name], qs.total_logical_writes, qs.max_logical_writes,
qs.total_logical_writes/qs.execution_count AS [AvgLogicalWrites], qs.execution_count AS [Execution Count],
qs.execution_count/DATEDIFF(Second, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Calls/Second],
qs.total_worker_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgWorkerTime],
qs.total_worker_time AS [TotalWorkerTime],
qs.total_elapsed_time/qs.execution_count AS [AvgElapsedTime],
qs.total_physical_reads,
DATEDIFF(Minute, qs.creation_time, GETDATE()) AS [Age in Cache]
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.[sql_handle]) AS qt
WHERE qt.[dbid] = DB_ID() -- Filter by current database
ORDER BY total_logical_writes DESC;

-- Lists the top statements by average input/output usage for the current database
SELECT TOP(50) OBJECT_NAME(qt.objectid) AS [SP Name],
(qs.total_logical_reads + qs.total_logical_writes) /qs.execution_count AS [Avg IO],
SUBSTRING(qt.[text],qs.statement_start_offset/2,
    (CASE
        WHEN qs.statement_end_offset = -1
     THEN LEN(CONVERT(nvarchar(max), qt.[text])) * 2
        ELSE qs.statement_end_offset
     END - qs.statement_start_offset)/2) AS [Query Text]
FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(qs.sql_handle) AS qt
WHERE qt.[dbid] = DB_ID()
ORDER BY [Avg IO] DESC;

-- Helps you find the most expensive statements for I/O by SP

-- Possible Bad Indexes (writes > reads)
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(s.[object_id]) AS [Table Name], i.name AS [Index Name], i.index_id,
        user_updates AS [Total Writes], user_seeks + user_scans + user_lookups AS [Total Reads],
        user_updates - (user_seeks + user_scans + user_lookups) AS [Difference]
FROM sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats AS s WITH (NOLOCK)
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i WITH (NOLOCK)
ON s.[object_id] = i.[object_id]
AND i.index_id = s.index_id
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(s.[object_id],'IsUserTable') = 1
AND s.database_id = DB_ID()
AND user_updates > (user_seeks + user_scans + user_lookups)
AND i.index_id > 1
ORDER BY [Difference] DESC, [Total Writes] DESC, [Total Reads] ASC;

-- Missing Indexes for entire instance by Index Advantage
SELECT user_seeks * avg_total_user_cost * (avg_user_impact * 0.01) AS [index_advantage], migs.last_user_seek,
mid.[statement] AS [Database.Schema.Table],
mid.equality_columns, mid.inequality_columns, mid.included_columns,
migs.unique_compiles, migs.user_seeks, migs.avg_total_user_cost, migs.avg_user_impact
FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats AS migs WITH (NOLOCK)
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups AS mig WITH (NOLOCK)
ON migs.group_handle = mig.index_group_handle
INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details AS mid WITH (NOLOCK)
ON mig.index_handle = mid.index_handle
ORDER BY index_advantage DESC;

-- Look at last user seek time, number of user seeks to help determine source and importance
-- SQL Server is overly eager to add included columns, so beware

-- Breaks down buffers used by current database by object (table, index) in the buffer cache
SELECT OBJECT_NAME(p.[object_id]) AS [ObjectName],
p.index_id, COUNT(*)/128 AS [buffer size(MB)],  COUNT(*) AS [buffer_count]
FROM sys.allocation_units AS a
INNER JOIN sys.dm_os_buffer_descriptors AS b
ON a.allocation_unit_id = b.allocation_unit_id
INNER JOIN sys.partitions AS p
ON a.container_id = p.hobt_id
WHERE b.database_id = DB_ID()
AND p.[object_id] > 100
GROUP BY p.[object_id], p.index_id
ORDER BY buffer_count DESC;

-- Tells you what tables and indexes are using the most memory in the buffer cache

-- Detect blocking (run multiple times)
SELECT t1.resource_type AS [lock type],DB_NAME(resource_database_id) AS [database],
t1.resource_associated_entity_id AS [blk object],t1.request_mode AS [lock req],  --- lock requested
t1.request_session_id AS [waiter sid], t2.wait_duration_ms AS [wait time],       -- spid of waiter
(SELECT [text] FROM sys.dm_exec_requests AS r                                    -- get sql for waiter
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(r.[sql_handle])
WHERE r.session_id = t1.request_session_id) AS [waiter_batch],
(SELECT SUBSTRING(qt.[text],r.statement_start_offset/2,
    (CASE WHEN r.statement_end_offset = -1
    THEN LEN(CONVERT(nvarchar(max), qt.[text])) * 2
    ELSE r.statement_end_offset END - r.statement_start_offset)/2)
FROM sys.dm_exec_requests AS r
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(r.[sql_handle]) AS qt
WHERE r.session_id = t1.request_session_id) AS [waiter_stmt],    -- statement blocked
t2.blocking_session_id AS [blocker sid],                         -- spid of blocker
(SELECT [text] FROM sys.sysprocesses AS p                        -- get sql for blocker
CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_sql_text(p.[sql_handle])
WHERE p.spid = t2.blocking_session_id) AS [blocker_stmt]
FROM sys.dm_tran_locks AS t1
INNER JOIN sys.dm_os_waiting_tasks AS t2
ON t1.lock_owner_address = t2.resource_address;

-- When were Statistics last updated on all indexes?
SELECT o.name, i.name AS [Index Name],
       STATS_DATE(i.[object_id], i.index_id) AS [Statistics Date],
       s.auto_created, s.no_recompute, s.user_created
FROM sys.objects AS o WITH (NOLOCK)
INNER JOIN sys.indexes AS i WITH (NOLOCK)
ON o.[object_id] = i.[object_id]
INNER JOIN sys.stats AS s WITH (NOLOCK)
ON i.[object_id] = s.[object_id]
AND i.index_id = s.stats_id
WHERE o.[type] = 'U'
ORDER BY STATS_DATE(i.[object_id], i.index_id) ASC;    

-- Helps discover possible problems with out of date statistics
-- Also gives you an idea which indexes are most active



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