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DBA On The Go

I've been working in Enterprise IT environments for roughly 10 years. My move to become a DBA was new, but expected. I've worked in secure DoD databases and secure Pharmaceutical databases. One thing to note, the security aspect isn't a lot different. My goal is to marry Databases and security in a functional manner and see how we can speed these things up with minimal work.

Baseline Maintenance Statistics Job For Indexes. (say that three times fast)

This is a project I've been working on for a while. The information is all there... how it's queried may need some work. The general idea is, no one has a full years view on how their indexes are performing. If you plan on working somewhere for the rest of your life... make that life easier. If you're taking over a new system because someone found it under their desk... or just a new one coming on board, this will make at least some of your life easier.

This job creates two tables in master. testing this on a multi-schema 3.4TB database with hundreds of tables, it only grew to 50MB for both tables. That being said, it should be relatively easy to re-target this to a DBA or other database if you wish to isolate it. It will delete any data over 370 days old. This allows for you to get ranged data. Think! You may have that one major report that runs once a month.. once a quarter! If you delete this index that's never being used, one day you may find out it was.

This job assumes that you have a privileged account named 'sa'. That is easy to change if you have modified that to another name or disabled it all together. Side note: good idea to rename or disable and use something else. This job also assumes that you have the default category of '[Uncategorized (Local)]' which is perfectly fine.

The first query produces a list of all indexes that have shown no reads in what ever time frame you define. If you let this run long enough, it's a good way to ensure that you don't have wasted space and slower inserts, updates, and deletes in your database for no good reason.

The second query produces a list of suggestions. This is meant only as a suggestion. Please do not blindly follow this. There are some wonderful places full of documentation on how to handle indexes. This is just to log information for prolonged use.

The final thing to note... The job is created without a schedule. Make sure you assign it a daily schedule, off peak hours (best right after peak hours have ended). Since this runs daily, even if you reboot every saturday, you'll still have 6 days worth of data each week to use for a base line. (7 if you reboot after).

You will have to split up the results some, I advice putting it in excel split by date of last restart.
You can get the file from here or copy from below.
/*************************************************************
Created by Bill Barnes
Script Date: 06/19/2013 09:24
for non commercial and testing purposes.
MaintenanceStatistics was created for SQL Server 2008 SP1 or higher
This job creates two tables located in master.
master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes
master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes
The job created is MaintenaceStatistics.
This job pulls valuable information into the two above tables.
--Remember to set a schedule for MaintenanceStatistics. It does
--not come with one by default.
--be careful to target the correct category. [Uncategorized (Local)] is common.
--make this the owner of the job. SA is common. It's best to change this name.
*************************************************************/
/*************************************************************
--This query will tell you what indexes have shown zero reads over a 370 day window.
--The purpose is to ensure you're only removing indexes that have never been used.
--Please do not run this in production and make a decision based on a days data.
--This job is meant to run at all times, once a day, and collect a years data for strong
--indexing base lines.
select distinct b.DataBaseName, b.TableName, b.Indexname  as IndexName
FROM master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes a
inner join(select LastServicesRestart, DataBaseName, TableName, indexname, sum(reads) as reads
FROM master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes
group by LastServicesRestart, DataBaseName, TableName, indexname HAVING SUM(reads) = 0) b
on a.indexname = b.IndexName
inner join (select distinct LastServicesRestart from master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes) c
on c.LastServicesRestart = a.LastServicesRestart
group by b.DataBaseName, b.TableName, b.Indexname, c.LastServicesRestart
--This query is meant to produce a list of what indexes may need some work.
--Never trust exactly what this shows. Always look deeper and use your best judgement.
select Old.CurrentDate, Dist.sqlserver_start_time, statement,
Impact, [Average Total Cost],[% Reduction of Cost],
[Missed Opportunities], [Equality Columns], [Inequality Columns],
[Included Columns] from master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes Orig
inner join (select distinct sqlserver_start_time from master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes) Dist
on Dist.sqlserver_start_time = Orig.sqlserver_start_time
inner join (select distinct sqlserver_start_time, Max(CurrentTime) as CurrentDate FROM master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes
group by sqlserver_start_time) Old
on Orig.CurrentTime = Old.CurrentDate
--where [% Reduction of Cost] > 50
Order by sqlserver_start_time, Impact desc
*************************************************************/

USE [master]
GO

/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[DBA_UnderUsedIndexes]******/

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[DBA_UnderUsedIndexes](
        [CurrentTime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
        [LastServicesRestart] [datetime] NOT NULL,
        [DataBaseName] [nvarchar](128) NULL,
        [TableName] [sysname] NOT NULL,
        [IndexName] [sysname] NULL,
        [reads] [bigint] NULL,
        [writes] [bigint] NOT NULL,
        [rows] [bigint] NULL,
        [reads_per_write] [numeric](38, 17) NULL
) ON [PRIMARY]

USE [master]
GO

/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[MissingIndexes]******/

SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[DBA_MissingIndexes](
        [CurrentTime] [datetime] NOT NULL,
        [sqlserver_start_time] [datetime] NOT NULL,
        [statement] nvarchar(200) NULL,
        [Impact] bigint NULL,
        [Average Total Cost] numeric(10,2) NULL,
        [% Reduction of Cost] int NULL,
        [Missed Opportunities] int NULL,
        [Equality Columns] nvarchar(2000) NULL,
        [Inequality Columns] nvarchar(2000) NULL,
        [Included Columns] nvarchar(2000) NULL
) ON [PRIMARY]
GO

USE [msdb]
GO

/****** Object:  Job [MaintenanceStatistics]******/

BEGIN TRANSACTION
DECLARE @ReturnCode INT
SELECT @ReturnCode = 0

/****** Object:  JobCategory [[Uncategorized (Local)]]]******/

IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT name FROM msdb.dbo.syscategories WHERE name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]' AND category_class=1)
--be careful to target the correct category. [Uncategorized (Local)] is common.
BEGIN
EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_category @class=N'JOB', @type=N'LOCAL', @name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]'
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback
END

DECLARE @jobId BINARY(16)
EXEC @ReturnCode =  msdb.dbo.sp_add_job @job_name=N'MaintenanceStatistics',
                @enabled=1,
                @notify_level_eventlog=0,
                @notify_level_email=0,
                @notify_level_netsend=0,
                @notify_level_page=0,
                @delete_level=0,
                @description=N'No description available.',
                @category_name=N'[Uncategorized (Local)]',
                @owner_login_name=N'sa', @job_id = @jobId OUTPUT
                --make this the owner of the job. SA is common. It's best to change this name.
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback

/****** Object:  Step [Missing Indexes]******/

EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep @job_id=@jobId, @step_name=N'Missing Indexes',
                @step_id=1,
                @cmdexec_success_code=0,
                @on_success_action=3,
                @on_success_step_id=0,
                @on_fail_action=3,
                @on_fail_step_id=0,
                @retry_attempts=2,
                @retry_interval=10,
                @os_run_priority=0, @subsystem=N'TSQL',
                @command=N'
delete from master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes
where CurrentTime < GETDATE()- 370
GO

                INSERT INTO master.dbo.DBA_MissingIndexes
                SELECT
        current_timestamp as CurrentTime,
        m.sqlserver_start_time,
        id.statement,
        cast(gs.avg_total_user_cost * gs.avg_user_impact * ( gs.user_seeks + gs.user_scans )as bigint) AS Impact,
        cast(gs.avg_total_user_cost as numeric(10,2)) as [Average Total Cost],
        cast(gs.avg_user_impact as int) as [% Reduction of Cost],
        gs.user_seeks + gs.user_scans as [Missed Opportunities],
        id.equality_columns as [Equality Columns],
        id.inequality_columns as [Inequality Columns],
        id.included_columns as [Included Columns]
FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats AS gs
JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups AS ig ON gs.group_handle = ig.index_group_handle
JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details AS id ON ig.index_handle = id.index_handle
join sys.dm_os_sys_info m on m.sqlserver_start_time = sqlserver_start_time
ORDER BY Impact desc',
                @database_name=N'master',
                @flags=0
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback

/****** Object:  Step [Underused Indexes]******/

EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep @job_id=@jobId, @step_name=N'Underused Indexes',
                @step_id=2,
                @cmdexec_success_code=0,
                @on_success_action=1,
                @on_success_step_id=0,
                @on_fail_action=2,
                @on_fail_step_id=0,
                @retry_attempts=2,
                @retry_interval=10,
                @os_run_priority=0, @subsystem=N'TSQL',
                @command=N'

delete from master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes
where CurrentTime < GETDATE()- 370

exec sp_MSforeachdb @command1 = ''
use [?]
INSERT INTO master.dbo.DBA_UnderUsedIndexes
SELECT current_timestamp as CurrentTime,
m.sqlserver_start_time as LastServicesRestart
, DB_NAME() AS DataBaseName
, o.name as TableName
, i.name as IndexName
, reads=user_seeks + user_scans + user_lookups  
, writes =  user_updates  
, rows = (SELECT SUM(p.rows) FROM sys.partitions p WHERE p.index_id = s.index_id AND s.object_id = p.object_id)
, CASE
WHEN s.user_updates < 1 THEN 100
ELSE 1.00 * (s.user_seeks + s.user_scans + s.user_lookups) / s.user_updates
END AS reads_per_write
FROM sys.dm_db_index_usage_stats s
INNER JOIN sys.indexes i ON i.index_id = s.index_id AND s.object_id = i.object_id
INNER JOIN sys.objects o on s.object_id = o.object_id
INNER JOIN sys.schemas c on o.schema_id = c.schema_id
inner join sys.dm_os_sys_info m on m.sqlserver_start_time = sqlserver_start_time
WHERE OBJECTPROPERTY(s.object_id,''''IsUserTable'''') = 1
AND s.database_id = DB_ID()
AND i.type_desc = ''''nonclustered''''
AND i.is_primary_key = 0
AND i.is_unique_constraint = 0
AND (SELECT SUM(p.rows) FROM sys.partitions p WHERE p.index_id = s.index_id AND s.object_id = p.object_id) > 10000
ORDER BY reads, writes desc''',
                @database_name=N'master',
                @flags=0
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback
EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_update_job @job_id = @jobId, @start_step_id = 1
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback
EXEC @ReturnCode = msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobserver @job_id = @jobId, @server_name = N'(local)'
IF (@@ERROR <> 0 OR @ReturnCode <> 0) GOTO QuitWithRollback
COMMIT TRANSACTION
GOTO EndSave
QuitWithRollback:
    IF (@@TRANCOUNT > 0) ROLLBACK TRANSACTION
EndSave:
GO

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