Click here to monitor SSC
SQLServerCentral is supported by Red Gate Software Ltd.
 
Log in  ::  Register  ::  Not logged in
 
 
 
        
Home       Members    Calendar    Who's On


Add to briefcase

delete a row from parent and all child records Expand / Collapse
Author
Message
Posted Tuesday, July 20, 2010 9:29 AM
Old Hand

Old HandOld HandOld HandOld HandOld HandOld HandOld HandOld Hand

Group: General Forum Members
Last Login: Thursday, February 27, 2014 10:41 AM
Points: 361, Visits: 1,781
I want to delete a row, which is dependent on some other tables(more than 32).

How to delete a row from all the tables. any idea.

I tried below sp, but throwing error
Msg 217, Level 16, State 1, Procedure spDeleteRows, Line 60
Maximum stored procedure, function, trigger, or view nesting level exceeded (limit 32).

CREATE Procedure spDeleteRows
/*
Recursive row delete procedure.

It deletes all rows in the table specified that conform to the criteria selected,
while also deleting any child/grandchild records and so on. This is designed to do the
same sort of thing as Access's cascade delete function. It first reads the sysforeignkeys
table to find any child tables, then deletes the soon-to-be orphan records from them using
recursive calls to this procedure. Once all child records are gone, the rows are deleted
from the selected table. It is designed at this time to be run at the command line. It could
also be used in code, but the printed output will not be available.
*/
(
@cTableName varchar(50), /* name of the table where rows are to be deleted */
@cCriteria nvarchar(1000), /* criteria used to delete the rows required */
@iRowsAffected int OUTPUT /* number of records affected by the delete */
)
As
set nocount on
declare @cTab varchar(255), /* name of the child table */
@cCol varchar(255), /* name of the linking field on the child table */
@cRefTab varchar(255), /* name of the parent table */
@cRefCol varchar(255), /* name of the linking field in the parent table */
@cFKName varchar(255), /* name of the foreign key */
@cSQL nvarchar(1000), /* query string passed to the sp_ExecuteSQL procedure */
@cChildCriteria nvarchar(1000), /* criteria to be used to delete
records from the child table */
@iChildRows int /* number of rows deleted from the child table */

/* declare the cursor containing the foreign key constraint information */
DECLARE cFKey CURSOR LOCAL FOR
SELECT SO1.name AS Tab,
SC1.name AS Col,
SO2.name AS RefTab,
SC2.name AS RefCol,
FO.name AS FKName
FROM dbo.sysforeignkeys FK
INNER JOIN dbo.syscolumns SC1 ON FK.fkeyid = SC1.id
AND FK.fkey = SC1.colid
INNER JOIN dbo.syscolumns SC2 ON FK.rkeyid = SC2.id
AND FK.rkey = SC2.colid
INNER JOIN dbo.sysobjects SO1 ON FK.fkeyid = SO1.id
INNER JOIN dbo.sysobjects SO2 ON FK.rkeyid = SO2.id
INNER JOIN dbo.sysobjects FO ON FK.constid = FO.id
WHERE SO2.Name = @cTableName

OPEN cFKey
FETCH NEXT FROM cFKey INTO @cTab, @cCol, @cRefTab, @cRefCol, @cFKName
WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
BEGIN
/* build the criteria to delete rows from the child table. As it uses the
criteria passed to this procedure, it gets progressively larger with
recursive calls */
SET @cChildCriteria = @cCol + ' in (SELECT [' + @cRefCol + '] FROM [' +
@cRefTab +'] WHERE ' + @cCriteria + ')'
print 'Deleting records from table ' + @cTab
/* call this procedure to delete the child rows */
EXEC spDeleteRows @cTab, @cChildCriteria, @iChildRows OUTPUT
FETCH NEXT FROM cFKey INTO @cTab, @cCol, @cRefTab, @cRefCol, @cFKName
END
Close cFKey
DeAllocate cFKey
/* finally delete the rows from this table and display the rows affected */
SET @cSQL = 'DELETE FROM [' + @cTableName + '] WHERE ' + @cCriteria
print @cSQL
EXEC sp_ExecuteSQL @cSQL
print 'Deleted ' + CONVERT(varchar, @@ROWCOUNT) + ' records from table ' + @cTableName
Post #955695
Posted Tuesday, July 20, 2010 9:38 AM
SSCrazy

SSCrazySSCrazySSCrazySSCrazySSCrazySSCrazySSCrazySSCrazy

Group: General Forum Members
Last Login: Friday, September 19, 2014 5:50 AM
Points: 2,856, Visits: 5,124
If your proc "is designed to do the same sort of thing as Access's cascade delete function", why not just set Delete Rule to Cascade for your relationship?


_____________________________________________
"The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing"
"O skol'ko nam otkrytiy chudnyh prevnosit microsofta duh!"
(So many miracle inventions provided by MS to us...)

How to post your question to get the best and quick help
Post #955703
« Prev Topic | Next Topic »

Add to briefcase

Permissions Expand / Collapse